Oceanography: The branch of science concerned with the study of sea. It is the scientific discipline concerned with all aspects of the world oceans and seas, including their physical and chemical properties, origin and geology, and life forms. Research in oceanography entails sampling of seawater and marine life, remote sensing of Oceanic process with air craft and satellites, and exploration of the sea floor. Oceanography aids in predicting weather and climate, in exploitation of the earth’s resources, and in understanding the effects of pollutants.
The study of oceanography is classified in to
1. Biological oceanography
2. Chemical oceanography
3. Physical oceanography
Biological oceanography: The study of plants, animals and microbes of the ocean and their ecological interaction with the ocean.
Chemical oceanography: is the study of the chemistry of the ocean and its chemical interaction with the atmosphere.
Geological oceanography: is the study of the geology of the ocean floor including plate tectonics and pale oceanography.
Scripps Institution of oceanography- US
Woods Hole oceanographic institution
Virginia Institute of marine sciences,
National Institute of oceanography (NIO)
Nation institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)
Center for Atmospheric and ocean sciences (CAOS)
In Indian Institute of Science (IISC)
Faculty of marine sciences, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu
Link to atmosphere
Study of ocean help us to understand global climate changes, potential global warming. Atmosphere and Ocean are linked because of evaporation and precipitation. as well as thermal fluey, wind direction creates ocean currents, and the ocean serves as a sink for carbon dioxide.