Skin fold thickness Skin fold thickness is usually measured on the back of the arm, over the triceps muscle midway between the tip of shoulder and the elbow.
Various types of skin-fold calipers are available. The caliper should have standard contact surface or pinch area of 20-40mm, should read to 0.1mm accuracy and exert a constant pressure of 10gm/mm2 throughout the whole range of skin fold thickness at all distances of separation of the jaws.
Head circumference (HC)
<1 ----------- Mal nutrition
>1 ------------ Normal
Waist/Hip Ratio (WHR)
High risk WHR= >0.80 for females & >0.95 for males. Waist measurement >80% of hip measurement for women and >95% for men indicates central (upper body) obesity and is considered high risk for diabetes & CVS disorders.
Waist circumference predicts mortality better than any other anthropometric measurement.
It has been proposed that waist measurement alone can be used to assess obesity, and two levels of risk have been identified
> 80cm- maximum acceptable
> 88cm- obesity and requires weight management
Last modified: Wednesday, 15 February 2012, 10:21 AM