School lunch programmes
Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition 3(2+1)
School lunch programmes
- Should provide 300 kcal of energy and 10-12g protein.
- To improve the socio- economic conditions by raising nutrition and improving the public health.
- Increased working mothers due to urbanization and industrialization.
Objectives of feeding programmes
- To provide food for undernourished children and to improve the nutritional status and monitor it.
- To increase school enrolment and attendance of children.
- To reorient good food habits.
- To incorporate nutrition education into the curriculum.
- To encourage the use of local commodities.
- To encourage community participation in feeding programmes.
- Mid day meal programme: Started on 15th Aug 1995
- With the expenditure by Central Government and State Government in the ratio of 40:60
- The meals given are based on a combination of cereals, pulses and leafy vegetables and provision of egg twice a week.
- Such a diet would increase the amount of vitamin and mineral intake and result in weight gain and lead to reduction of deficiency symptoms.
Energy food: (CFTRI) RTE food based on roasted ingredients of cereals, pulses, oilseed cake, unrefined sugars, vitamins, and minerals.
Special Nutrition programme:(1970-71 for 6 yrs of tribal and urban slum children)
- It provides supplementary feeding with 300 k cal of energy and 10g of proteins to preschool children 500 k cal of energy and 20g of protein to pregnant and lactating mothers.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):
This scheme was started on 2nd October 1975 and was partly funded by the Central government and partly by UNICEF.
- To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age group of 0 – 6 years.
- To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
- To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-outs.
- To achieve an effective co-ordinated policy and its implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development and
- To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
Components of the scheme:
- Supplementary nutrition
- Prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency: 2 lakh IU of vitamin A once in every six months upto 6 years.
- Nutrition and health education.
- Health checkups/referral services.
Last modified: Monday, 24 October 2011, 9:25 AM