School lunch programmes

Normal and Therapeutic Nutrition 3(2+1)
Lesson 15:Nutritional and Food Requirements for School Children (6- 12 Years)

School lunch programmes

  • Should provide 300 kcal of energy and 10-12g protein.
  • To improve the socio- economic conditions by raising nutrition and improving the public health.
  • Increased working mothers due to urbanization and industrialization.

Objectives of feeding programmes

  • To provide food for undernourished children and to improve the nutritional status and monitor it.
  • To increase school enrolment and attendance of children.
  • To reorient good food habits.
  • To incorporate nutrition education into the curriculum.
  • To encourage the use of local commodities.
  • To encourage community participation in feeding programmes.

Intervention programmes:

  1. Mid day meal programme: Started on 15th Aug 1995
    • With the expenditure by Central Government and State Government in the ratio of 40:60
    • The meals given are based on a combination of cereals, pulses and leafy vegetables and provision of egg twice a week.
    • Such a diet would increase the amount of vitamin and mineral intake and result in weight gain and lead to reduction of deficiency symptoms.

    Energy food: (CFTRI) RTE food based on roasted ingredients of cereals, pulses, oilseed cake, unrefined sugars, vitamins, and minerals.

    Special Nutrition programme:(1970-71 for 6 yrs of tribal and urban slum children)

    • It provides supplementary feeding with 300 k cal of energy and 10g of proteins to preschool children 500 k cal of energy and 20g of protein to pregnant and lactating mothers.

    Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):
    This scheme was started on 2nd October 1975 and was partly funded by the Central government and partly by UNICEF.


    1. To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age group of 0 – 6 years.
    2. To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
    3. To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-outs.
    4. To achieve an effective co-ordinated policy and its implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development and
    5. To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.

    Components of the scheme:

    • Supplementary nutrition
    • Immunization.
    • Prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency: 2 lakh IU of vitamin A once in every six months upto 6 years.
    • Nutrition and health education.
    • Health checkups/referral services.
Last modified: Monday, 24 October 2011, 9:25 AM