Indian Institute of Horticultural Research(IIHR)
The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research is a premier Institute conducting basic, strategic, anticipatory and applied research on various aspects of fruits, vegetable, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic plants and mushrooms. Popularly known as IIHR, Bangalore, the institute was the first horticultural Research Institute in the country established by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research on 5th September, 1967 at the Head quarters of New Delhi.
Subsequently the institute was shifted to Bangalore in Karnataka at Hessaraghatta located 25 Kms away from Bangalore city by taking over the erstwhile existing National Horatorium of Govt. of Karnataka on 1st February 1968 with Dr. G.S. Randhawa as its founder Director
Established - 5th September, 1967
Institute carved out of IIHR - CISH, Lucknow;NRC for Citrus, Nagpur; CIAH, Bikaner; HRC, Ranchi
Number of Division and Sections - 15
Sections : 04
Central Horticultural Experiment Stations (CHES) - 3
CHES, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa
CHES, Chettalli, Karnataka
CHES Hirehalli, Karnataka
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
KVK, Gonikoppa, Karnataka
KVK, Hirehalli, Karnataka
The Institute has also got an Agriculture Technology Information Centre (ATIC), which is a single window agency for dissemination of information and technologies developed by the Institute. All the technological products and popular publications developed by the Institute are sold to the farmers and interested public through the agricultural technology information centre. In the beginning years of the institute the main research agenda of the institute was to increase the yields of horticultural crop varieties by developing high yielding varieties in fruits, vegetables, ornamentals and medicinal and aromatic plants and also develop advanced production technologies to increase the productivity of horticultural crops.
With changing times and emergence of new challenges in the fields of productivities, crop production, crop protection and crop utilization, emphasis was laid on breeding varieties for biotic and a biotic stresses breeding F1 hybrids, developing integrated pest and disease management technologies, developing integrated water and nutrient management protocols towards optimum utilization of resources developing Post Harvest Management practices to reduce the post harvest losses and further value additions and frontier research areas like hi-tech horticulture, precision farming, information technology, biotechnological interventions to increase yields, protect crops from insect- pests, disease and viruses, and extension of shelf life of crop produces.
Encompassing various goals and objectives of achieving sustainable development of horticulture, providing livelihood security, economic growth and nutritional security which have been challenged time and again by various obvious factors, the IIHR, Bangalore has been carrying out research in fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, medicinal and aromatic plants and mushrooms with the following mandate:
• To undertake research studies on adoption, impact & spread of IIHR technologies in farmers field.
• To undertake demonstrations and carry out refinements of IIHR technologies to suit farmer specific conditions.
• To provide training to resource persons and key extension functionaries in public and private sector.
• To act as single window for publicity, advisory services, distribution and sale of IIHR products through ATIC
• Sales of IIHR products
• Advisory services
• Participation in exhibition, demonstrations, trainings, radio talks, TV shows etc.,