Integrated Rural Development Programme concept (IRDP)
Integration covers four principal dimensions:
i. Integration of sectoral programmes.
ii. Spatial integration.
iii. Integration of social and economic processes.
iv. The policies with a view to achieving a better fit between growth, removal of poverty and employment generation.
Specifically, it involves a sharp focus on target groups, comprising small and marginal farmers, agricultural laborers and rural artisans, and an extremely location specific planning in rural areas.
IRD Programmes were
• Programmes of Agriculture Development including efficient utilization of land and water resources with scientific technology.
• Programmes of animal husbandry as a subsidiary occupation dirked mainly to small farmers and Agricultural Labour households.
• Programmes of marine fishery including harvesting of natural resources through trawlers, mechanised country boats.
• Programmes of social forestry and farm forestry.
• Programmes of village and cottage industries including handlooms, sericulture and beekeeping as important occupations for the artisan classes of the rural population.
• Programme of service sector of the rural economy as self-employment for poorer families.
• Programmes for skill formation and mobility of labour to meet the needs of organized labour for development works.
The IRDP concept was launched in 1978-79 in 2300 blocks in the country and it was extended to all blocks in the country with effect from 2to Oct. 1980. Simultaneously SFDA's were merged with IRDP.
Target Beneficiaries of IRDP
The target group includes:
• Small farmers, marginal farmers, agricultural laborers rural artisans and other families which are below the poverty line.
• At least 30 per cent of the families are to be drawn from SC's/STS.
• At least 30 per cent of the beneficiaries are to be women.
Implementation and funding of IRDP
Short comings/drawbacks of IRDP
• The resources provided were inadequate.
• There was large number of over dues.
• Poor quality of assets provided to the beneficiaries.
• The follow up of the beneficiaries was inadequate.
• Lack of training facilities to s-mall and marginal farmers.
Last modified: Tuesday, 8 May 2012, 10:26 AM