Community development programme
Communities of people can develop capacity to deal-with their own problems
People want change can change.
People should participate in making, adjusting or controlling the major changes taking place in their communities.
Changes in community living that are self— imposed or self— developed have a meaning and permanence that imposed changes do not have
A ‘holistic approach' can deal successfully with problems, with which a fragmented approach' cannot cope.
Democracy requires the people's co- operative participation action in the affairs of the community; the people must learn the skill- which makes this possible.
Frequently communities of people need help in organizing to deal-with their needs, just as many individuals require help in coping with their individual problems.
The 'United Nations economy & social- council- as been trying to define such principles concepts of community development as will be acceptable to all its members — states & which they should agree to implement as far as possible.
The objective is that plans for international- aid to programmes of community development should be formulated in terms of these principles & concepts. In one of the councils reports the basic elements of guiding principles of community policies & programmes were summarized as follows:
1. Activities under taken must correspond to the basic needs of the community; the first project should be initiated in response to the expressed needs of the people.
2. Local improvements may be achieved through unrelated efforts in each substantive; field however, full and balanced community development require concerted action the establishment of multipurpose programmes.
3. Changed attitudes in people are as important as the material achievement of community project during the initial- stages of development.
4. Community development aims at increased & better participation of the people in community affairs, revitalization of existing forms of focal govt. transition towards effective focal- administration where it is not yet functioning.
5. The identification, encouragement training of focal-leadership should be a basic objective in any programme.
6. Greater reliance on the participation of women e youth in community project invigorates development programmes, establishes them on a wide basis & secure long range expansion.
7. To be fully effective, self-help projects for communities require both intensive and extensive assistance by the government.
8. Implementation of community development programme on a national- scale requires adoption of consistent policies, specific administrative arrangement Recruitment and training of personnel, mobilization of focal and national resources and organization of research, experimentation and evaluation.
9. 'The resources of voluntary non-governmental organizations should be fully utilized in community development programmes at the focal; national and international level Economic and social progress at the focal &vet necessitates parallel development on a wider national scale.
The fundamental or basic objective of community development in India is the development of people of “Destination Man”
Its broad objectives are:
I. Economic development.
II. Social-justice and
III. Democratic growth.
The attempt is to secure as good a balance as possible among these three objectives and to inter-relate them in a manner that they support one another.
More specifically, objectives of the community development programmes are:
To assist each village in having effective panchayats, cooperatives & schools;
Through these village institutions, Plan and carry out integrated multi-phased family, village, block and district plans for.
A) increasing agricultural-production.
B) improving existing village crafts & industries & organizing new ones.
C) providing minimum essential- hearth services & improving health practices.
D) providing required educational facilities for children and an adult education programme
E) providing recreational facilities & programmes.
F) improving housing and family living conditions, and
G) providing programmes for village women & youth.
Last modified: Friday, 13 January 2012, 6:01 AM