2.2.2.Principles of Learning
1. Principle of association: Learning is growth like and continuous. Previous learning or knowledge always sets the stage for subsequent learning.
2. Principle of clarity : Learning is purposeful. Objective must be clear to the learner and teacher.
3. Principle of self-activity : Learning results from self activity. Any activity is read by our brain only through the five semen. Seeing, hearing, speaking and doing are the important ways through which most thing are learnt. Learning involves appropriate activities that engage a maximum number of semen on the part of the learner.
4. Principle of readiness : (Motivation) Learning must be challenging and satisfying. Readiness includes desire to learn as well as social and intellectual maturity. A favourable attitude as the part of the learner accelerator learning while a bad attitude refares learning.
5. Principle of rewards: Learning depends primary upon satisfaction of wants or needs through successful learning of things. Rewards maintain and strengthen the learning process.
6. Principle of Practice : (Low of exercise) Learning must result in functional understanding. More memorization of things learnt is only temporary and will not serve any purpose unless it is reviewed and put to use in a practical situation. Practice leads to perfection.
7. Learning is affected by Physical and Social Environment :
8. Learning ability various widely among individuals
9. Learning is a gradual process and needs multiple exposures for a change. Using a combination of teaching methods in a learning situation can have more impact as the learner’s mood.
10. Principles of Timing : Learning takes place more readily when the facts or skills are given at the time or just before the time they are to be used in a serviceable way.
11. Learning requires effective Communication