Module 13. Population and production statistics

Lesson 19

CATTLE AND BUFFALO POPULATION AND ITS DISTRIBUTION

19.1 Introduction

This chapter discusses the data of cattle and buffalo population. It discusses the live stock population from 1951 to 2007. It gives data about all major livestock apart from cattle and buffaloes.

19.2 Population and Production Statistics

19.1 Population : The data shown in table 19.1 indicate that in 2007, there were 304.42 million cattle and buffaloes. The population of cattle is higher (199.08 million) compared to buffaloes (105.34 millions)

Table 19.1 All India livestock population (1951-2003) (In Million Numbers)

Species

 1951

1961

1972

1982

1992

2003

2007

 

Cattle

155.30

175.60

178.30

192.45

204.58

185.18

199.08

Adult Female Cattle

54.40

51.00

53.40

59.21

64.36

64.51

72.95

Buffalo

43.40

51.20

57.40

69.78

84.21

97.92

105.34

Adult Female Buffalo

21.00

24.30

28.60

32.50

43.81

50.97

54.47

Total Cattle & Buffalo

198.70

226.80

235.70

262.36

289.00

283.10

304.42

Sheep

39.10

40.20

40.00

48.76

50.78

61.47

71.56

Goat

47.2

60.9

67.5

95.25

115.28

124.36

140.54

 

The annual growth rate of all major livestock during the years from 1991 till 2007 is shown in table 19.2 and there is a positive growth rate except for few years.

 

Table 19.2 Growth rate from 1951 to 2007 of all major livestock

Annual Growth rates (%)

 

Species

1951-56

1961-66

1972-77

1982-87

1992-97

2003-07

Cattle

0.43

0.07

0.19

0.74

-0.56

1.83

Adult Female Cattle

-2.76

0.31

0.45

0.95

0.02

3.12

Buffalo

0.68

0.69

1.55

1.71

1.32

1.84

Adult Female Buffalo

0.66

0.89

1.82

3.78

1.32

1.68

Total Cattle & Buffalo

0.49

0.21

0.53

1.01

-0.01

1.83

Sheep

0.10

1.07

0.50

-1.29

2.51

3.87

Goat

3.26

1.19

2.29

2.96

1.26

3.10

 

Table 19.3 gives details of cattle and buffalo population at various age groups and indicates annual growth rate of each category from 2003 to 2007. The cross-bred cattle population is increasing at an annual growth rate of 7.58% against the growth rate of only 1,83 % in case of indigenous cattle. The same trend of indigenous cattle is observed in case of buffalo population with annual growth rate of 1.84%

 

Table 19.3: Details about cattle and buffaloes

 

Category

Number in thousands

Annual Growth

Rate (%)

Cattle

2003

2007

2003-2007

A. Cattle(cross-bred)

Total cross bred male cattle

4945

6844

8.46

Total cross bred female cattle

19741

26216

7.35

Total Cross-bred Cattle

24686

33060

7.58

B. Cattle (Indigenous)

Total male indigenous

77534

76779

-0.24

Total females indigenous

82961

89236

1.84

Total Indigenous Cattle

160495

166015

0.85

Total Cattle

185181

199075

1.83

Buffaloes

Total male Buffaloes

17888

19597

2.31

Total female Buffaloes

80034

85745

1.74

Total Buffaloes

97922

105343

1.84

 

Livestock Population across the different state and union territories in India is shown in table 19.4

Table 19.4 Total livestock population in 2007 in India in thousands

S. No

States/UTs

Cattle

Buffaloes

Sheep

Goats

 

1

AP

11223

13272

25539

9626

2

ARP

503

3

20

292

3

ASM

10041

500

354

4320

4

BHR

12559

6690

218

10167

5

CHH

9491

1604

140

2768

6

GOA

71

37

0.12

11

7

GUJ

7976

8774

2002

4640

8

HAR

1552

5953

601

538

9

HP

2269

762

901

1241

10

J & K

3443

1050

4127

2068

11

JHK

8781

1506

483

6592

12

KTK

10503

4327

9558

6153

13

KRL

1740

58

1

1729

14

MP

21915

9129

390

9014

15

MAH

16184

6073

2909

10391

16

MAN

342

62

9

51

17

MEG

887

23

21

365

18

MIZ

35

6

1

16

19

NAG

470

35

4

178

20

ORS

12310

1190

1818

7127

21

PUN

1777

5062

208

290

22

RAJ

12120

11192

11190

21503

23

SIK

135

0

3

92

24

TN

11189

2009

7991

9275

25

TRP

954

14

4

633

26

UP

18883

23812

1188

14793

27

UKD

2235

1220

290

1335

28

WB

19188

764

1577

15069

29

AND

49

10

-

67

30

CHN

7

20

0.05

1

31

DNH

57

4

0.20

25

32

DAM

3

1

-

3

33

DLI

92

278

6

21

34

LAK

7

-

-

76

35

PUD

84

3

4

69

All India

199075

105343

71558

140537

 

Total number of cross bred cattle, indigenous cattle, buffaloes and milch animal population along with annual growth rates among various states and union territories in India is shown in tables 19.5 to 19.8 below.

Table 19.5 Total number of crossbred Cattle-2003 and 2007 in thousands

 

Annual growth rate

 

State / UTs

Male

Female

Total

Crossbred Female

Total Crossbred

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003-07

2003-07

AP

272

408

836

1490

1107

1898

15.54

14.42

ARP

5

12

9

17

13

29

16.75

22.40

ASM

122

122

318

288

440

410

-2.41

-1.72

BHR

217

344

1057

1632

1274

1976

11.47

11.60

CHH

127

73

126

113

253

186

-2.60

-7.41

GOA

2

2

11

15

12

16

7.21

7.99

GUJ

118

211

521

931

639

1142

15.61

15.63

HAR

114

100

459

466

573

566

0.39

-0.30

HP

139

141

538

652

677

793

4.92

4.03

J & K

359

473

961

1204

1320

1677

5.80

6.17

JHK

29

66

116

125

145

191

1.79

7.12

KTK

139

193

1463

2000

1602

2193

8.13

8.17

KRL

135

142

1600

1479

1735

1621

-1.95

-1.68

MP

83

98

234

377

317

475

12.67

10.62

MAH

538

542

2238

2580

2776

3122

3.62

2.98

MAN

25

18

44

48

69

66

2.25

-1.22

MEG

2

2

21

24

23

27

3.83

3.94

MIZ

2

3

7

8

9

11

3.58

4.48

NAG

71

82

172

172

243

254

0.02

1.11

ORS

328

877

735

826

1063

1703

2.96

12.51

PUN

274

202

1257

1077

1531

1278

-3.80

-4.41

RAJ

69

123

394

693

464

816

15.15

15.15

SIK

24

27

56

46

80

73

-4.93

-2.27

TN

993

1400

4147

5983

5140

7383

9.59

9.47

TRP

11

15

47

65

57

79

8.29

8.61

UP

459

524

1175

1421

1634

1945

4.87

4.46

UKD

50

66

178

273

228

339

11.30

10.46

WB

222

559

897

2084

1119

2642

23.45

23.96

AND

3

4

10

10

13

14

0.08

1.55

CHN

0

1

5

5

5

5

-1.49

1.31

DNH

1

0

1

1

1

1

-1.46

8.46

DAM

0

0

0

0

0

0

-5.43

7.79

DLI

6

5

51

40

58

44

-5.98

-6.42

LAK

0

1

2

3

2

4

10.31

16.07

PUD

9

9

54

69

63

78

6.45

5.49

All India

4945

6844

19741

26216

24686

33060

7.35

7.58

 

Table 19.6 Total number of Indigenous cattle in thousands

 

States / UTs

Male

Female

Total

Annual growth rate (%)

 

Indigenous

Female

Indigenous Total

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003-07

2003-07

AP

4707

5166

3486

4160

8193

9325

4.52

3.29

ARP

201

211

244

263

445

474

1.85

1.59

ASM

3878

4735

4122

4895

7999

9631

4.39

4.75

BHR

4184

4456

5271

6127

9455

10583

3.83

2.86

CHH

4343

4709

4286

4596

8629

9305

1.76

1.90

GOA

32

26

31

29

63

55

-1.73

-3.52

GUJ

3286

3316

3498

3518

6785

6834

0.14

0.18

HAR

410

395

557

591

967

986

1.50

0.49

HP

800

742

759

734

1559

1476

-0.84

-1.36

J & K

714

699

1050

1066

1764

1766

0.39

0.02

JHK

4181

4697

3332

3893

7513

8590

3.97

3.41

KTK

3677

3763

4260

4546

7936

8309

1.64

1.16

KRL

47

21

341

98

387

119

-26.87

-25.55

MP

9077

10193

9519

11248

18595

21441

4.26

3.62

MAH

7610

7631

5917

5430

13527

13061

-2.12

-0.87

MAN

189

123

160

153

349

276

-1.07

-5.68

MEG

347

374

397

486

744

860

5.19

3.70

MIZ

12

8

14

16

27

24

3.42

-2.70

NAG

93

82

115

133

208

216

3.79

0.93

ORS

6838

5579

6002

5027

12840

10607

-4.33

-4.66

PUN

289

226

219

272

508

498

5.57

-0.47

RAJ

3547

3513

6843

7791

10390

11304

3.30

2.13

SIK

33

29

46

33

79

62

-7.81

-5.92

TN

1599

1348

2402

2458

4001

3806

0.57

-1.24

TRP

314

359

388

516

702

875

7.38

5.66

UP

8239

7046

8678

9892

16917

16938

3.33

0.03

UKD

879

831

1082

1064

1961

1896

-0.41

-0.84

WB

7945

6432

9849

10114

17794

16546

0.67

-1.80

AND

23

18

28

17

51

36

-11.59

-8.63

CHN

0

0

1

1

1

1

-1.04

5.46

DNH

32

36

17

19

49

55

2.56

3.07

DAM

3

2

2

1

4

3

-9.97

-5.49

DLI

4

5

30

42

34

47

9.00

8.70

LAK

1

1

2

2

2

3

1.90

9.50

PUD

3

3

12

3

16

6

-28.02

-21.57

All India

77534

76779

82961

89235

160495

166015

1.84

0.85

 

Table 19.7 Total Number of buffaloes 2003 &2007 in thousands

States/UTs

Buffaloes Male

Buffaloes Female

Total

Annual Growth Rate (%)

 

Female

Total

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003

2007

2003-07

2003-07

AP

1638

2108

8991

11164

10630

13272

5.56

5.71

ARP

4

1

8

2

11

3

-26.67

-26.51

ASM

307

220

370

280

678

500

-6.76

-7.33

BHR

1032

1289

4711

5401

5743

6690

3.48

3.89

CHH

1078

1010

520

594

1598

1604

3.38

0.10

GOA

11

9

27

28

37

37

1.05

0.13

GUJ

667

1016

6473

7757

7140

8774

4.63

5.29

HAR

870

916

5164

5037

6035

5953

-0.62

-0.34

HP

47

58

727

703

774

762

-0.82

-0.40

J & K

131

140

909

910

1039

1050

0.03

0.27

JHK

710

763

634

742

1343

1506

4.02

2.90

KTK

464

498

3527

3829

3991

4327

2.07

2.04

KRL

24

25

40

33

65

58

4.60

-2.75

MP

1195

1592

6381

7537

7575

9129

4.25

4.78

MAH

870

871

5274

5202

6145

6073

-0.34

-0.30

MAN

34

28

43

34

77

62

-5.66

-5.21

MEG

10

14

8

9

18

23

1.95

5.89

MIZ

3

2

3

3

6

6

3.59

-0.71

NAG

19

16

15

19

34

35

5.77

0.74

ORS

753

601

641

589

1394

1190

-2.11

-3.88

PUN

597

517

5398

4545

5995

5062

-4.21

-4.14

RAJ

1126

1326

9288

9766

10414

11092

1.26

1.59

SIK

1

0

1

0

2

0

-37.56

-40.96

TN

268

495

1390

1514

1658

2009

2.16

4.92

TRP

6

5

8

9

14

14

3.25

0.46

UP

5163

5385

17751

18427

22914

23812

0.94

0.97

UKD

134

156

1094

1063

1228

1220

-0.71

-0.17

WB

693

497

393

267

1086

764

-9.25

-8.42

AND

7

5

9

5

16

10

-14.25

-10.88

CHN

1

1

21

18

23

20

-3.65

-3.96

DNH

1

2

3

3

4

4

-2.66

2.50

DAM

0

0

1

1

1

1

-8.99

0.94

DLI

24

26

207

252

231

278

5.04

4.77

LAK

-

0

-

0

-

0

-

-

PUD

1

0

3

3

4

3

-0.93

-4.87

ll India

17888

19597

80034

85745

97922

105343

1.74

 

1.84

 

Table 19. 8 Total numbers of milch animals in thousands

States/UTs

Crossbred Milk Cows

Indigenous Milk Cows

Milch Buffaloes

 

2003

2007

AGP(%)

2003

2007

AGP (%)

2003

2007

AGP (%)

AP

475

828

14.91

1934

2233

3.66

5227

6224

4.46

ARP

5

6

2.63

11 1

90

-5.03

4

1

-40.51

ASM

1 61

153

-1.30

2034

2533

5.64

199

148

-7.08

BHR

569

836

10.11

2839

2990

1.30

2679

2846

1.52

CHH

67

59

-3.21

2313

2360

0.50

281

316

2.97

GOA

6

8

8.45

17

16

-1.36

16

16

0.70

GUJ

318

525

13.35

2119

2004

-1.39

3937

4390

2.76

HAR

263

268

0.45

309

340

2.40

2725

2704

-0.19

HP

334

409

5.21

478

460

-0.96

466

448

-1.00

J & K

543

678

5.69

598

592

-0.26

543

551

0.37

JHK

69

67

-0.64

1829

2147

4.08

390

412

1.37

KTK

903

1259

8.66

2500

2656

1.52

2215

2374

1.75

KRL

791

745

-1.48

152

48

-25.13

18

13

-7.10

MP

136

205

10.78

5704

5995

1.25

4055

3979

-0.47

MAH

1389

1623

3.96

3532

3284

-1.80

3476

3325

-1.10

MAN

23

24

1.23

78

74

-1.39

22

16

-8.29

MEG

15

17

3.03

215

276

6.47

5

4

-4.77

MIZ

4

4

2.22

7

8

4.60

2

2

-2.64

NAG

87

79

-2.38

50

60

4.61

6

8

9.06

ORS

386

332

-3.68

3235

2377

-7.41

358

281

-5.84

PUN

741

683

-2.01

124

166

7.64

3106

2779

-2.74

RAJ

235

397

14.03

4248

4630

2.18

5222

5400

0.84

SIK

33

23

-8.22

27

19

-8.57

1

0

-48.56

TN

2352

3071

6.90

1341

1240

-1.93

793

806

0.41

TRP

25

30

4.82

215

246

3.46

5

4

-3.18

UP

642

791

5.36

4901

5537

3.10

10379

10565

0.44

UKD

99

157

12.19

595

605

0.41

682

665

-0.64

WB

489

1055

21.19

5293

5004

-1.39

247

174

-8.36

AND

5

5

2.03

15

10

-9.94

5

3

-13.55

CHN

3

3

-0.94

1

1

-7.95

15

12

-5.09

DNH

1

1

-13.92

10

11

1.84

1

1

10.22

DAM

0.03

0

-11.99

1

1