Module 13. Population and production statistics

Lesson 19

CATTLE AND BUFFALO POPULATION AND ITS DISTRIBUTION

19.1 Introduction

This chapter discusses the data of cattle and buffalo population. It discusses the live stock population from 1951 to 2007. It gives data about all major livestock apart from cattle and buffaloes.

19.2 Population and Production Statistics

19.1 Population : The data shown in table 19.1 indicate that in 2007, there were 304.42 million cattle and buffaloes. The population of cattle is higher (199.08 million) compared to buffaloes (105.34 millions)

Table 19.1 All India livestock population (1951-2003) (In Million Numbers)

 Species 1951 1961 1972 1982 1992 2003 2007 Cattle 155.3 175.6 178.3 192.45 204.58 185.18 199.08 Adult Female Cattle 54.4 51 53.4 59.21 64.36 64.51 72.95 Buffalo 43.4 51.2 57.4 69.78 84.21 97.92 105.34 Adult Female Buffalo 21 24.3 28.6 32.5 43.81 50.97 54.47 Total Cattle & Buffalo 198.7 226.8 235.7 262.36 289 283.1 304.42 Sheep 39.1 40.2 40 48.76 50.78 61.47 71.56 Goat 47.2 60.9 67.5 95.25 115.28 124.36 140.54

The annual growth rate of all major livestock during the years from 1991 till 2007 is shown in table 19.2 and there is a positive growth rate except for few years.

Table 19.2 Growth rate from 1951 to 2007 of all major livestock

 Annual Growth rates (%) Species 1951-56 1961-66 1972-77 1982-87 1992-97 2003-07 Cattle 0.43 0.07 0.19 0.74 -0.56 1.83 Adult Female Cattle -2.76 0.31 0.45 0.95 0.02 3.12 Buffalo 0.68 0.69 1.55 1.71 1.32 1.84 Adult Female Buffalo 0.66 0.89 1.82 3.78 1.32 1.68 Total Cattle & Buffalo 0.49 0.21 0.53 1.01 -0.01 1.83 Sheep 0.10 1.07 0.50 -1.29 2.51 3.87 Goat 3.26 1.19 2.29 2.96 1.26 3.10

Table 19.3 gives details of cattle and buffalo population at various age groups and indicates annual growth rate of each category from 2003 to 2007. The cross-bred cattle population is increasing at an annual growth rate of 7.58% against the growth rate of only 1,83 % in case of indigenous cattle. The same trend of indigenous cattle is observed in case of buffalo population with annual growth rate of 1.84%

Table 19.3: Details about cattle and buffaloes

 Category Number in thousands Annual Growth Rate (%) Cattle 2003 2007 2003-2007 A. Cattle(cross-bred) Total cross bred male cattle 4945 6844 8.46 Total cross bred female cattle 19741 26216 7.35 Total Cross-bred Cattle 24686 33060 7.58 B. Cattle (Indigenous) Total male indigenous 77534 76779 -0.24 Total females indigenous 82961 89236 1.84 Total Indigenous Cattle 160495 166015 0.85 Total Cattle 185181 199075 1.83 Buffaloes Total male Buffaloes 17888 19597 2.31 Total female Buffaloes 80034 85745 1.74 Total Buffaloes 97922 105343 1.84

Livestock Population across the different state and union territories in India is shown in table 19.4

Table 19.4 Total livestock population in 2007 in India in thousands

 S. No States/UTs Cattle Buffaloes Sheep Goats 1 AP 11223 13272 25539 9626 2 ARP 503 3 20 292 3 ASM 10041 500 354 4320 4 BHR 12559 6690 218 10167 5 CHH 9491 1604 140 2768 6 GOA 71 37 0.12 11 7 GUJ 7976 8774 2002 4640 8 HAR 1552 5953 601 538 9 HP 2269 762 901 1241 10 J & K 3443 1050 4127 2068 11 JHK 8781 1506 483 6592 12 KTK 10503 4327 9558 6153 13 KRL 1740 58 1 1729 14 MP 21915 9129 390 9014 15 MAH 16184 6073 2909 10391 16 MAN 342 62 9 51 17 MEG 887 23 21 365 18 MIZ 35 6 1 16 19 NAG 470 35 4 178 20 ORS 12310 1190 1818 7127 21 PUN 1777 5062 208 290 22 RAJ 12120 11192 11190 21503 23 SIK 135 0 3 92 24 TN 11189 2009 7991 9275 25 TRP 954 14 4 633 26 UP 18883 23812 1188 14793 27 UKD 2235 1220 290 1335 28 WB 19188 764 1577 15069 29 AND 49 10 - 67 30 CHN 7 20 0.05 1 31 DNH 57 4 0.20 25 32 DAM 3 1 - 3 33 DLI 92 278 6 21 34 LAK 7 - - 76 35 PUD 84 3 4 69 All India 199075 105343 71558 140537

Total number of cross bred cattle, indigenous cattle, buffaloes and milch animal population along with annual growth rates among various states and union territories in India is shown in tables 19.5 to 19.8 below.

Table 19.5 Total number of crossbred Cattle-2003 and 2007 in thousands

 Annual growth rate State / UTs Male Female Total Crossbred Female Total Crossbred 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003-07 2003-07 AP 272 408 836 1490 1107 1898 15.54 14.42 ARP 5 12 9 17 13 29 16.75 22.40 ASM 122 122 318 288 440 410 -2.41 -1.72 BHR 217 344 1057 1632 1274 1976 11.47 11.60 CHH 127 73 126 113 253 186 -2.60 -7.41 GOA 2 2 11 15 12 16 7.21 7.99 GUJ 118 211 521 931 639 1142 15.61 15.63 HAR 114 100 459 466 573 566 0.39 -0.30 HP 139 141 538 652 677 793 4.92 4.03 J & K 359 473 961 1204 1320 1677 5.80 6.17 JHK 29 66 116 125 145 191 1.79 7.12 KTK 139 193 1463 2000 1602 2193 8.13 8.17 KRL 135 142 1600 1479 1735 1621 -1.95 -1.68 MP 83 98 234 377 317 475 12.67 10.62 MAH 538 542 2238 2580 2776 3122 3.62 2.98 MAN 25 18 44 48 69 66 2.25 -1.22 MEG 2 2 21 24 23 27 3.83 3.94 MIZ 2 3 7 8 9 11 3.58 4.48 NAG 71 82 172 172 243 254 0.02 1.11 ORS 328 877 735 826 1063 1703 2.96 12.51 PUN 274 202 1257 1077 1531 1278 -3.80 -4.41 RAJ 69 123 394 693 464 816 15.15 15.15 SIK 24 27 56 46 80 73 -4.93 -2.27 TN 993 1400 4147 5983 5140 7383 9.59 9.47 TRP 11 15 47 65 57 79 8.29 8.61 UP 459 524 1175 1421 1634 1945 4.87 4.46 UKD 50 66 178 273 228 339 11.30 10.46 WB 222 559 897 2084 1119 2642 23.45 23.96 AND 3 4 10 10 13 14 0.08 1.55 CHN 0 1 5 5 5 5 -1.49 1.31 DNH 1 0 1 1 1 1 -1.46 8.46 DAM 0 0 0 0 0 0 -5.43 7.79 DLI 6 5 51 40 58 44 -5.98 -6.42 LAK 0 1 2 3 2 4 10.31 16.07 PUD 9 9 54 69 63 78 6.45 5.49 All India 4945 6844 19741 26216 24686 33060 7.35 7.58

Table 19.6 Total number of Indigenous cattle in thousands

 States / UTs Male Female Total Annual growth rate (%) Indigenous Female Indigenous Total 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003-07 2003-07 AP 4707 5166 3486 4160 8193 9325 4.52 3.29 ARP 201 211 244 263 445 474 1.85 1.59 ASM 3878 4735 4122 4895 7999 9631 4.39 4.75 BHR 4184 4456 5271 6127 9455 10583 3.83 2.86 CHH 4343 4709 4286 4596 8629 9305 1.76 1.90 GOA 32 26 31 29 63 55 -1.73 -3.52 GUJ 3286 3316 3498 3518 6785 6834 0.14 0.18 HAR 410 395 557 591 967 986 1.50 0.49 HP 800 742 759 734 1559 1476 -0.84 -1.36 J & K 714 699 1050 1066 1764 1766 0.39 0.02 JHK 4181 4697 3332 3893 7513 8590 3.97 3.41 KTK 3677 3763 4260 4546 7936 8309 1.64 1.16 KRL 47 21 341 98 387 119 -26.87 -25.55 MP 9077 10193 9519 11248 18595 21441 4.26 3.62 MAH 7610 7631 5917 5430 13527 13061 -2.12 -0.87 MAN 189 123 160 153 349 276 -1.07 -5.68 MEG 347 374 397 486 744 860 5.19 3.70 MIZ 12 8 14 16 27 24 3.42 -2.70 NAG 93 82 115 133 208 216 3.79 0.93 ORS 6838 5579 6002 5027 12840 10607 -4.33 -4.66 PUN 289 226 219 272 508 498 5.57 -0.47 RAJ 3547 3513 6843 7791 10390 11304 3.30 2.13 SIK 33 29 46 33 79 62 -7.81 -5.92 TN 1599 1348 2402 2458 4001 3806 0.57 -1.24 TRP 314 359 388 516 702 875 7.38 5.66 UP 8239 7046 8678 9892 16917 16938 3.33 0.03 UKD 879 831 1082 1064 1961 1896 -0.41 -0.84 WB 7945 6432 9849 10114 17794 16546 0.67 -1.80 AND 23 18 28 17 51 36 -11.59 -8.63 CHN 0 0 1 1 1 1 -1.04 5.46 DNH 32 36 17 19 49 55 2.56 3.07 DAM 3 2 2 1 4 3 -9.97 -5.49 DLI 4 5 30 42 34 47 9.00 8.70 LAK 1 1 2 2 2 3 1.90 9.50 PUD 3 3 12 3 16 6 -28.02 -21.57 All India 77534 76779 82961 89235 160495 166015 1.84 0.85

Table 19.7 Total Number of buffaloes — 2003 &2007 in thousands

 States/UTs Buffaloes Male Buffaloes Female Total Annual Growth Rate (%) Female Total 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003 2007 2003-07 2003-07 AP 1638 2108 8991 11164 10630 13272 5.56 5.71 ARP 4 1 8 2 11 3 -26.67 -26.51 ASM 307 220 370 280 678 500 -6.76 -7.33 BHR 1032 1289 4711 5401 5743 6690 3.48 3.89 CHH 1078 1010 520 594 1598 1604 3.38 0.10 GOA 11 9 27 28 37 37 1.05 0.13 GUJ 667 1016 6473 7757 7140 8774 4.63 5.29 HAR 870 916 5164 5037 6035 5953 -0.62 -0.34 HP 47 58 727 703 774 762 -0.82 -0.40 J & K 131 140 909 910 1039 1050 0.03 0.27 JHK 710 763 634 742 1343 1506 4.02 2.90 KTK 464 498 3527 3829 3991 4327 2.07 2.04 KRL 24 25 40 33 65 58 4.60 -2.75 MP 1195 1592 6381 7537 7575 9129 4.25 4.78 MAH 870 871 5274 5202 6145 6073 -0.34 -0.30 MAN 34 28 43 34 77 62 -5.66 -5.21 MEG 10 14 8 9 18 23 1.95 5.89 MIZ 3 2 3 3 6 6 3.59 -0.71 NAG 19 16 15 19 34 35 5.77 0.74 ORS 753 601 641 589 1394 1190 -2.11 -3.88 PUN 597 517 5398 4545 5995 5062 -4.21 -4.14 RAJ 1126 1326 9288 9766 10414 11092 1.26 1.59 SIK 1 0 1 0 2 0 -37.56 -40.96 TN 268 495 1390 1514 1658 2009 2.16 4.92 TRP 6 5 8 9 14 14 3.25 0.46 UP 5163 5385 17751 18427 22914 23812 0.94 0.97 UKD 134 156 1094 1063 1228 1220 -0.71 -0.17 WB 693 497 393 267 1086 764 -9.25 -8.42 AND 7 5 9 5 16 10 -14.25 -10.88 CHN 1 1 21 18 23 20 -3.65 -3.96 DNH 1 2 3 3 4 4 -2.66 2.50 DAM 0 0 1 1 1 1 -8.99 0.94 DLI 24 26 207 252 231 278 5.04 4.77 LAK - 0 - 0 - 0 - - PUD 1 0 3 3 4 3 -0.93 -4.87 ll India 17888 19597 80034 85745 97922 105343 1.74 1.84

Table 19. 8 Total numbers of milch animals in thousands

 States/UTs Crossbred Milk Cows Indigenous Milk Cows Milch Buffaloes 2003 2007 AGP(%) 2003 2007 AGP (%) 2003 2007 AGP (%) AP 475 828 14.91 1934 2233 3.66 5227 6224 4.46 ARP 5 6 2.63 11 1 90 -5.03 4 1 -40.51 ASM 1 61 153 -1.30 2034 2533 5.64 199 148 -7.08 BHR 569 836 10.11 2839 2990 1.30 2679 2846 1.52 CHH 67 59 -3.21 2313 2360 0.50 281 316 2.97 GOA 6 8 8.45 17 16 -1.36 16 16 0.70 GUJ 318 525 13.35 2119 2004 -1.39 3937 4390 2.76 HAR 263 268 0.45 309 340 2.40 2725 2704 -0.19 HP 334 409 5.21 478 460 -0.96 466 448 -1.00 J & K 543 678 5.69 598 592 -0.26 543 551 0.37 JHK 69 67 -0.64 1829 2147 4.08 390 412 1.37 KTK 903 1259 8.66 2500 2656 1.52 2215 2374 1.75 KRL 791 745 -1.48 152 48 -25.13 18 13 -7.10 MP 136 205 10.78 5704 5995 1.25 4055 3979 -0.47 MAH 1389 1623 3.96 3532 3284 -1.80 3476 3325 -1.10 MAN 23 24 1.23 78 74 -1.39 22 16 -8.29 MEG 15 17 3.03 215 276 6.47 5 4 -4.77 MIZ 4 4 2.22 7 8 4.60 2 2 -2.64 NAG 87 79 -2.38 50 60 4.61 6 8 9.06 ORS 386 332 -3.68 3235 2377 -7.41 358 281 -5.84 PUN 741 683 -2.01 124 166 7.64 3106 2779 -2.74 RAJ 235 397 14.03 4248 4630 2.18 5222 5400 0.84 SIK 33 23 -8.22 27 19 -8.57 1 0 -48.56 TN 2352 3071 6.90 1341 1240 -1.93 793 806 0.41 TRP 25 30 4.82 215 246 3.46 5 4 -3.18 UP 642 791 5.36 4901 5537 3.10 10379 10565 0.44 UKD 99 157 12.19 595 605 0.41 682 665 -0.64 WB 489 1055 21.19 5293 5004 -1.39 247 174 -8.36 AND 5 5 2.03 15 10 -9.94 5 3 -13.55 CHN 3 3 -0.94 1 1 -7.95 15 12 -5.09 DNH 1 1 -13.92 10 11 1.84 1 1 10.22 DAM 0.03 0 -11.99 1 1