Specialized Material and Equipment

Children With Developmental Challenges 3(2+1)

Lesson 13 : Educational Programmes for the Blind

Specialized Material and Equipment

  1. Braille materials: it is evident that the use and understanding of these requires a large share of the child’s school day.


  2. Audio-aids: are basic elements in the blind child’s quest for knowledge, particularly in the upper elementary grades and beyond. The talking books, reproducer, other record players and often a tape recorder may become part of his everyday school life.
    Talking books
    : are standard educational media for imparting information to the blind. These long playing phonograph records of book read by professional readers are heard at the rate of 160-170 words per minute for fiction and about 150 words per minute for texts.
  3. Arithmetic aids: include an arithmetic board and an adaptation of the abacus. The Braille writer is also used to compute in constructing geometric designs and graphs of various sorts.


  4. Embossed and relief maps: are important in teaching space perception required in under understanding geography. Beside Braille maps, relief maps and audible electric maps, jigsaw puzzles and relief globes are also used.
Last modified: Wednesday, 11 April 2012, 6:38 AM