Strategies for Helping a Child With SLD

Children With Developmental Challenges 3(2+1)

Lesson 29 : Children with Specific Learning Disabilities

Strategies for Helping a Child With SLD


  • New concepts & vocabulary has to be introduced gradually
  • While reading ask questions to enhance the child’s understanding
  • Work sheets are useful in strengthening reading skills
  • Provide meaningful reading material
  • Encourage oral reading
  • Encourage group reading
  • Extensive phonic drills, ideally done in context
  • Extensive letter-sound correspondence drills, ideally done in context
  • Sight word recognition drills, ideally done in context
  • Use of visual images corresponding to letter sounds 9eg, “i” becomes the feather in an Indian headdress)
  • Text books are read aloud to the student
  • Extra time for tests
  • Interactive computer reading programmes


  • Expose the child to broad range of writing material
  • Help the student to focus on those processes that are required for good writing
  • Teacher should monitor the posture, pencil grip and position of the paper.
  • Encourage the child to draw patterns
  • Use colored cues in writing such as blue signs & orange dots
  • Help students to from association for letter they have difficulty in remembering
  • Use of computer or word processor for written assignments and note taking
  • Permission to write in print rather than cursive
  • Use of a template to maintain margins (eg, a “window frame”)
  • Acceptance of homework dictated by student and written by parents
  • Use of electronic or computer spell checkers
  • Permission to do oral testing
  • Multi-sensory approach to learning spellings (eg, tracing the word and saying it)


  • Use concrete materials such as buttons, straws, seeds, pebbles and beads to teach children how to count
  • Teacher should use lot of visual aids to teach simple mathematical operations and concepts
  • Tactile materials such as embossed numerals, symbols should be used to used to teach simple concepts such as long or short
  • Concepts such as time and money should be linked to day to day events
  • Playing cards can be used to teach computation skills
  • Blocks & puzzles and word games are always useful in teaching mathematical concepts
  • Have students estimate distance, weights, and sizes
  • Have students use abacus to facilitate counting, calculations etc
  • Play maths games
  • Teach the relationship between additions & subtractions and multiplications 7 divisions
  • Use of graph paper for calculations
  • Use of manipulative materials, even in upper grades
  • Use of calculator
  • Placement of no line on student’s desk for addition and subtraction
  • Use of basic math fact charts to refer to when solving problems
  • Use of colour coding steps in multi step problems
  • Use of deck cards or real money to learn no concepts
Last modified: Tuesday, 17 April 2012, 6:18 AM