General Welfare of animals during transportation


  • Animals to be transported shall be healthy and in good condition and such animals shall be examined by a veterinary doctor for freedom from infectious diseases and their fitness to undertake the journey; provided that the nature and duration of the proposed journey shall be taken into account while deciding upon the degree of fitness.
  • An animal which is unfit for transport shall not be transported and the animals who are new born, diseased, blind emaciated, lame, fatigued or having given birth during the preceding seventy two hours or likely to give birth during transport shall not be transported.
  • Pregnant and very young animals shall not be mixed with other animals during transport.
  • Different classes of animals shall be kept separately during transport.
  • Diseased animals, whenever transported for treatment, shall not be mixed with other animals
  • Troublesome animals shall be given tranquilisers before loading during transport.
  • Animals shall be transported in their on-farm social groups (established atleast one week prior to journey).
  • While transporting animals all rules must be followed, and they must have a valid certificate from a veterinarian. The rules require stopping for water and feed, and that only 6 large animals in a lorry can be transported or about 12 for smaller calves.
  • Any violation of these laws is termed illegal.
  • The Vehicle transporting them should be large enough to carry animals comfortably and the animals should not be packed and jammed inside. The animals should also be protected from the weather.
  • The permissible loading in a truck is only 4 buffaloes or 40 sheep/goats, and truck having wheel base below 142 inches, shall not carry more than five cattle without calves or four with calves.
  • In the case of trucks whose wheel base is over 142 inches shall not carry more than six cattle without calves or five with calves.
  • Animals in tempo are not allowed. Only four passengers excluding the driver are allowed on a tonga or a total of 325 kgs.

Rules and Acts

  • Whereas certain draft rules further to amend the Transport of Animals Rules, 1978 were published as required by sub-section (1) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960) under the notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment number S.O. 1164 (E) dated 26th December 2000 in the Gazette of India. Extraordinary, Part 11, Section 3. Sub Section (ii) dated the 27th December, 2000 inviting objections and suggestions from all persons likely to be affected thereby, before the expiry of the period of sixty days from the date on which copies of the Gazette containing the said notification are made available to the public.
  • And, whereas copies of the said Gazette were made available to the public on the 1st January 2001.
  • And, whereas no objection or suggestion has been received from the public in respect of the said draft rules by the Central Government.
  • Now, therefore in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) and (2) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 (59 of 1960), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules further to amend the Transport of Animals Rules 1978, namely
    • These rules may be called the Transport of Animals (Amendment) Rules, 2001.
    • They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.


Last modified: Tuesday, 5 June 2012, 7:35 AM