Further reading


  • Albentosa, M.J., Kjaer, J.B. & Nicol, C.J. (2003) Strain and age differences in behaviour,fear response and pecking tendency in laying hens. British Poultry Science, 44, 333–44.
  • Animal Procedures Committee (2003) Consultation Paper on the Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals in Great Britain. APC, London, www.apc.gov.uk.
  • Assured British Pigs (2001) Standards Manual. Assured British Pigs, Stourport on Seven.
  • Banner, M. (1995) Committee of Enquiry into the Ethics of Emerging Technologies in the Breeding of Animals. HMSO, London.
  • Bartussek, H. (1999) A review of the Animal Needs Index (ANI) for the assessment of animals’ well being in the housing systems for Austrian proprietary products and legislation.
  • Livestock Production Science, 61, 179–92.
  • Bateman, A., Singh, A., Kral, T. & Solomon, S. (1989) The immune-hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Endocrinology Reviews, 10, 92–107.
    Bateson, P. (1991) Assessment of pain in animals. Animal Behaviour, 42, 827–40.
  • Beattie, V.E., O’Connell, N.E. & Moss, D.W. (2000) Influence of environmental enrichment on the behaviour, performance and meat quality of domestic pigs. Livestock Production Science, 65, 71–9.
    Beauchamp, T.L. & Childress, J.F. (1994) Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Boivin, X., Lensink, J., Tallet, C. & Veissier, L. (2003) Stockmanship and farm animal welfare. Animal Welfare, 12, 479–92.
  • Bradshaw, E.L. & Bateson, P. (2000) Welfare implications of culling red deer (Cervus elaphus). Animal Welfare, 9, 3–24.
  • Brambell, F.W.R. (1965) Report of the Technical Committee to Enquire Into the Welfare of Livestock Kept Under Intensive Conditions. HMSO, London.
  • Broom, D. & Johnson, (1993) Stress and Animal Welfare. Chapman and Hall, London.
Last modified: Monday, 4 June 2012, 7:56 AM