Children With Developmental Challenges 3(2+1)

Lesson 23 : Neurobiological Disorders- ADHD


  • ADHD can't be cured, but it can be successfully managed. Your child's doctor will work with you to develop an individualized, long-term plan.
  • The goal is to help your child learn to control his or her own behavior and to help families create an atmosphere in which this is most likely to happen.
  • In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of medication and behavior therapy with close follow-up and monitoring.
  • Parent education is also considered an important part of ADHD managem Because it's important for parents to actively participate in their child's treatment plan.

Behavioral strategies for children with ADHD:

  1. Create a routine: Try to follow the same schedule every day, from wake-up timeto bedtime. Post the schedule in a prominent place, so your child can see where he or she is expected to be throughout the day and when it's time for homework, play, and chores.
  2. Help your child organize: Put schoolbags, clothing, and toys in the same place every day so your child will be less likely to lose them.
  3. Avoid distractions: Turn off the TV, radio and computer games, especially when your child is doing homework.
  4. Limit choices: Offer your child a choice between two things (this outfit, meal, toy, etc., or that one) so that he or she isn't overwhelmed and over stimulated.
  5. Change your interactions with your child: Instead of long-winded explanations, use clear, brief directions to remind your child of his or her responsibilities.
  6. Use goals and rewards: Use a chart to list goals and track positive behaviors, then reward your child's efforts. Be sure the goals are realistic (think baby steps rather than overnight success).
  7. Discipline effectively: Instead of yelling or spanking, use timeouts or removal of privileges as consequences for inappropriate behavior. Younger children may simply need to be distracted or ignored until they display better behavior.
  8. Help your child discover a talent: All kids need to experience success to feel good about themselves. Finding out what your child does well - whether it's sports, art, or music - can boost social skills and self-esteem.

A multimodal approach including a combination of medication behavior modification, school accommodation and ancillary services along with self regulation (Self-monitoring, reinforcement, self management and self reinforcement) would be effective.

Last modified: Friday, 13 April 2012, 10:38 AM