Autism, first described by Leo Kanner in 1943, is one of the family of pervasive developmental disorders. It is characterized by a Triad of impairments such as socialization, Communication and Flexible behaviors. Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engaging in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.
Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life
It is widely recognized as a neuro - developmental disorder that affects the functioning of the brain.
It is a spectrum disorder
Children with autism are unable to interpret the emotional states of others, failing to recognize anger, sorrow or manipulative intent
It impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills
Children and adults with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities
Stereotypic (self-stimulatory) behaviors may be present
In some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behaviors might be present
It is not a behavioral, emotional or conduct disorder
It is not a mental illness
There are no medical tests that can be used to diagnose autism