Concept & Definition

Children With Developmental Challenges 3(2+1)

Lesson 1 : Chidlren With Developmental Challenges

Concept & Definition

Exceptional child: The child who deviates from the average or normal child in mental, physical or social characteristics to such an extent that he requires a modification of school practices or special educational services in order to develop his maximum capacity.

Children with Special needs: are those who require special education and related services if they are to realize their full human potential. These children are in need of special education because they are markedly different from most (other) children in the classroom in one or more of the following ways. They may have mental retardation, specific learning difficulties, disordered speech or language or special gifts or talents (may be talented children).


A Child who deviates intellectually, physically, socially and emotionally so much from what is considered to be normal growth and development that he/she cannot receive maximum benefit from regular school progamme and requires a special class or supplementary instruction and services - Cruick Shank (1974).

An exceptional learner is an individual who because of uniqueness in sensory, physical, neurological, temperamental or intellectual capacity and /or in the nature and range of previous experience, requires an adaptation of the regular school programme in order to maximize his or her functioning level - Hewett and Forness (1984).

Last modified: Saturday, 7 April 2012, 6:08 AM