Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM)
Objectives of TRYSEM
• To provide rural youth (18-35 years) from families below the poverty line with training and technical skills to enable them to take up self-employment in agriculture, industry, services and business activities.
• Training is perceived not only in terms of provision of physical skills. But also change in attitude, enhancement of motivation and skills in human relations etc., are also ought to be imparted.
• Self-employment is defined as gainful employment on a full time basis which results in income which is sufficient for the family of the youth cross the poverty line. Situation of employment in which the means of production are owned, hired or taken on lease are taken to be self-employment situations.
Features of TRYSEM
• TRYSEM became the “self employment for youth” component of IRDP and was introduced in all the 5000 blocks in the country.
• An identified youth will be put through a period of training either in a training institution or under a master crafts men.
• Duration of training is flexible depending upon types of courses.
• Trainers are given stipend and a tool kit.
• Successful trainee is eligible to receive a subsidiary/credit/income generating asset under IRDP.
• At least 50 percent of the youth to be trained for self-employment either for secondary or tertiary sector activity.
• Wage employment training was to be in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
• BDO selects the eligible youth belonging to the target group with the help of VLW’s.
• The identification of locations is done by the DRDA in consultation with district level officers of different departments.
• DRDA prepares a resource inventory for training facilities like ITI’s polytechniques, KVI’s, KVK’s, NYK’s etc.,
• DRDA is responsible for the implementation of TRYSEM.
Beneficiaries of TRYSEM
• Members of the poorest family first
• Priority should be given to members of SC's and ST’s.
• At least 1/ 3 of candidates should be women.
• Preference should be given to persons who have completed the 12 month course under the national Adult Education programme.
Short coming of TRYSEM
• Implementation is generally uneven.
• Training lacked appropriate technology in the package provided.
• In the selection of trade, self-employment opportunities and financial viability were not adequately assessed.
• Assistance in the provision of raw materials and marketing has been lacking.
• Every district did not have training centers of TRYSEM.
• In a large number of cases, the assistance provided to TRYSEM trainees from IRDP projects had no link to the training they had received.
Last modified: Tuesday, 8 May 2012, 10:28 AM