General Guidelines for Giving First Aid

Health Hygiene & Sanitation

Lesson 46 : Health Services At Fair & Festivals

General Guidelines for Giving First Aid

  • Make no attempt to move the victim unless for safety reasons.
  • Determine the most appropriate position for the victim, and do not allow the victim to rise or walk.
  • Do not disturb the victim unnecessary (such by asking questions that have no relevance to Prevent chilling by means of covers or blankets.
  • Examine the victim in a systematic manner, Have a reason for what to do.
  • Administer the appropriate first aid procedures.(Immediate medical care).
  • Prevent chilling by means of covers or blankets.
  • Examine the victim in a systematic manner, Have a reason for what to do.
  • Administer the appropriate first aid procedures.

First Aid Priorities

  • Save the victim and self
  • Keep breathing and heart beats
  • Control Bleeding
  • Treat Poisoning
  • Prevent Shock
  • Examine the victim carefully
  • Ask for specialized Medical Care
  • Continue first aid measures until arrival of medical care providers

Legal Stuff

  • As a first aider you are under no obligation to help an injured person unless you owe that person a duty of care.

  • You should always seek permission from a conscious casualty prior to rendering any assistance You can provide first aid in accordance with your level of training and experience.
  • When some scaffolding collapsed, Sam saw it happen.1

  • “A builder was lying still in the dust. His mate was stumbling around stunned. There was blood pouring from his arm.

  • A young woman had been passing. She had been hit by a piece of falling scaffolding. She was yelling that her arm was broken. Her baby was screaming in its push chair.”
  • Who was the most important person there?

    A Sam was the most important person there. All the casualties (injured people) were depending
    on him. He had to put his own safety first…

    If there’s danger, keep well back. Call 108 at once.2


  • what’s your name?
  • what number are you calling from?
  • where are you? (Not sure? Describe landmarks.)
  • what has happened?
  • how many people have been hurt?
  • is anyone unconscious?
  • has anyone stopped breathing?
  • is anyone bleeding – if so, how badly?
  • are there any other hazards or dangers around?

The Main Points again…

  • check for danger
  • try to get a response
  • open airway3
  • check for breathing
  • if the casualty is breathing normally, put them in the recovery position
  • call 108 for ambulance.
Your First Aid Kit
  1. Band-aids or plasters of all sizes
  2. 4x4 gauze pads
  3. Rolled stretch gauze
  4. Medical tape
  5. Scissors
  6. Gloves
  7. Cotton
  8. Cotton Buds
  9. Thermometer
  10. Arm Sling
  11. Eye flushing solution
  12. Eye pad
  13. Ace bandage
  14. Dettol or Hydrogen-peroxide to clean wounds

(For any further information, please feel free to contact the Health Office.)

First Aid Kit

  1. Splints or you can use sticks or newspaper
  2. Nail clipper
  3. Bulb syringe
  4. Rectal thermometer
  5. Cotton swabs and cotton balls
  6. Safety pins
  7. Triangular arm bandage = cravat
  8. Razor blade or 22g needle for splinters
  9. Skin Stapler


  1. Against fever
  2. Anti-vomiting drugs
  3. Against diarrhea
  4. Band aids, other dressing materials including hydrogen peroxide
  5. Cough syrups
  6. Anti-acidity drugs

After the Festival is Over…

  • The area should be cleaned properly, esp. if the festival was in permanent place of pilgrimage like Haridwar, Kashi etc.
  • Sick people should be transferred to nearest hospital to prevent transmission of diseases to other members of the local community
Last modified: Saturday, 28 April 2012, 5:29 AM