Lesson 23: Disaster management


Natural occurrences such as floods, earthquakes, cyclones etc. always occur. They are a part of the environment that we live in. However, the destruction from natural hazards can be minimized by the presence of a well-functioning warning system combined with preparedness on part of the community that will be affected. So although traditionally disaster management consisted primarily of reactive mechanisms, the past few years have witnessed a gradual shift towards a more proactive, mitigation-based approach.

Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. It is a discipline that involves preparing for disaster before it occurs, disaster response (e.g. emergency evacuation, quarantine, mass decontamination, etc.), as well as supporting, and rebuilding society after natural or disasters have occurred. In general, any Emergency management is the continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards. Actions taken depend in part on perceptions of


Last modified: Tuesday, 3 January 2012, 7:09 AM