Fig (Anjur/Anjir)

    Botanical name : Ficus carica Linn.
    Family: Moraceae
    Chromosome Number :2n = 26
    Origin – South East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean region.
    • Fig is an important and oldest fruit extensively used in fresh and dried form; Extensively cultivated in countries around the Mediterranean especially Italy, Spain, Turkey, Greece, Portugal, Algeria, California and Afghanistan. The main area of fig cultivation in India is Pune (Maharashtra), Srirangapatna, Raichur, Gulbarga and Chitradurga (Karnataka), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) and parts of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
    • Ficus carica is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical countries. The related genera with edible fruits are Artocarpus, Cudrania and Morus of family Moraceae.
    • Some important species are Ficus glomerata, Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Ficus elastica, Ficus hispida and Ficus roxburghii.
    • Fig is a large shrub or low growing deciduous tree with short and twisted trunk. Fruit solitary, axillary green or yellow, pear-shaped.


Last modified: Tuesday, 26 June 2012, 9:12 PM