Goiter Juvenile hypothyroidism Retarded physical development
Goiter with complications.
Goitre is defined as non-neoplastic (tumor), non-inflammatory and non -toxic enlargement of thyroid gland.
The enlargement is apparently a compensatory adaption to lack of iodine required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
The direct stimulus of the enlargement is an abnormality high level of TSH, it self brought about by low plasma levels of the thyroid hormones. The examine TSH causes an increase in both the number and size of the user of the thyroid gland.
Simple goiter is a painless condition but if uncorrected it can lead to pressure on the trachea, which may cause difficulty in breathing. Administration of appropriate doses of iodine results in a slow reduction in the size of the thyroid gland.
The prevalence of goiter is generally more among adolescents, Young adults and school age children. More females are affected than males.