The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger, serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum, where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries and countries in transition, modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.
FAO was founded on 16 October 1945 in Quebee City, Canada. As of 11 April, 2006, it had 190 members.
- To raise the levels of nutrition and standard of living of the population of member countries.
- To secure improvements in the efficiency of production and distribution of all food and agricultural products.
- To improve the conditions of rural populations.
- To contribute towards an expanding world economy and towards ensuring freedom from hunger for humanity.
It gives technical assistance to various Governments. It’s main objective is to alleviate poverty and hunger by promoting agricultural development, improved nutrition and the pursuit of food security-the access of all people at all times to the food they need for an active and healthy life. The organization offers direct development assistance, collects, and analyses and disseminates international forum for debate on food and agricultural issues.
FAO is active in land and water development, plant and animal products, forestry, fisheries, economic and social policy, investment, nutrition food standards and commodities and trade. It also plays a major role in dealing with food and agricultural emergencies. A specific priority of the organization is encouraging sustainable agriculture and rural development, a long term strategy for the conservation and management of natural resources.