Nutrition for Special Groups 3(3+0)
Lesson 48 : Hiv Aids
requirements of HIV positive patients is 1.2 – 2.0 g/kg body wt/day. This is around 100-150g/day in HIV positive men and 80-100g/day in HIV positive women. In general 15-20% of total calories should be from proteins. Protein
Protein Requirement for PLHIV
PLHIV do not require more protein than the level recommended for healthy non-PLHIV of the same age, sex and physical activity level.
At the onset of OI, the body loses nitrogen, which suggests a need for increase protein intake if OI remain untreated.
Protein requirements may be estimated 1-1.4 g/kg for maintenance and 1.5 -2 g/kg for repletion.
There is no evidence that fat requirements are different because of HIV infection.
PLHIV with ARV or certain infection symptoms such as diarrhea may require changes in the timing or quantity of fat intake in some cases.
Fluids and Electrolytes
Insufficient volume of water (<50-70% of BW ) inside the body can result in malfunctions of body systems. When mucous membrane becomes dry, there would be a higher risk of infection.
The average water requirement for a person is 30 to 35 cc /1 kg BW/ day (20% from foods, need to drink 80%of the amount lost )
Last modified: Friday, 11 May 2012, 9:11 AM