Vinyl has become a valued design tool for many interior designers and architects. It is used particularly for designing of heavy –traffic locations such as grocery store, hospital rooms, operation rooms where cleanliness is top priority. Now a days, they are preferred even in residence buildings. Vinyl flooring is made out of vinyl plastics (polyvinyl chloride or PVC) and in adding vinyl resin, fillers, plasticizers, stabilizers and pigments. Vinyl products differ in manufacturing process and content. Some floors contain as much as 55% of vinyl and others may contain as little as 11% vinyl. Yet there are called as vinyl flooring.
Vinyl is versatile product. It is produced in varying degrees of flexibility and in huge number of patterns, thickness and textures. It provides stripped surfaces vinyl can be used over under floor heating. It is used over the floors of residential and public building to improve the durability appearance and to hide the defects. It should be used over damp proof surface and not recommended for basements. Once it is fixed with glue it cannot be lifted. In general there are two types of vinyl flooring i.e sheet and tile.
Vinyl sheet: Are of 2 categories. Viz, inlaid and rotovinyl
Inlaid: Inlaid vinyl’s are solid and wear surface is built up layer by layer of tiny vinyl granular fused under heat and pressure. Some will have extra layer of foam to provide added comfort under foot. In inlaid vinyl is available in different colors and pattern. Inlaid vinyl is last until the flooring wears out completely.
Rotovinyl: are made by process that combines photography and printing. Photography makes possible for realistic images like stone, brick and wood. Once image is printed a wear resistance finish is given to improve the quality.