High yielding cardamom varieties

High yielding cardamom varieties

Variety / year of release

Pedigree / parentage and plant type

Institute / University

Salient features

Mudigere 1

Clonal selection from Malabar type

Regional Research Station, Chikmagalur

Erect and compact plant, short panicle, pale green, oval bold capsule, suitable for high density planting, moderately tolerant to thrips, pubescent leaves. Average yield – 275 kg/ha (dry)

Mudigere 2

Clonal selection from open pollinated Malabar type

Regional Research Station, Chikmagalur

Early maturing, suitable for high density planting, round/oval and bold capsule, oil 8.0%, 1,8 cineol 45.0%, α- terpenyl acetate 38.0%

PV 1

A selection from Walayar collection a Malabar type

Cardamom Research Station, KAU, Pampadumpara

A early maturing type, short panicle, elongated slightly ribbed, light green capsule, essential oil 6.8%, 1,8 cineol 33.0%, α- terpenyl acetate 46.0%, dry recovery 19.9%

PV 2

A selection from OP seedlings of PV-1, vazhukka type

Cardamom Research Station, KAU, Pampadumpara

Early maturing, unbranched lengthy panicle, long bold capsules, high dry recovery percentage (23.8%), essential oil 6.6%, field tolerant to stem borer and thrips. Suitable for elevation range of 1000 to 1200 meters above MSL.


Selection from Chakkupallam collection, a Malabar type

ICRI (Spices Board)

A early maturing variety, medium sized panicle with globose, round and extra bold dark green capsules contains oil 8.7%, 1,8 cineol 29.0%, α- terpenyl acetate38.0% and dry recovery 22.9%


Clonal selection from germplasm collection Mysore type

ICRI (Spices Board)

Performs well under high altitude and irrigated condition, medium long panicles, oblong bold and parrot green capsule, tolerant to azukkal disease. Average yield is 375 kg/ha (dry)


Selection from Malabar type

ICRI (Spices Board) Sakleshpur

Early maturing, non-pubsecent leaves, tolerant to rhizome rot disease, oblong, bold parrot green capsule, suitable for hill zone of Karnataka, oil 6.6%, 1,8 cineol 54.0%, α- terpenyl acetate 24.0%, dry recovery 22.0% with ab average yield of 440kg/ha.


Clonal selection from Vadagaraparai area of lower pulney, a Malabar type

ICRI (Spices Board)

Early maturity, medium sized panicle, globose bold capsule, suitable for low rainfall areas, relatively tolerant to rhizome rot and capsule borer. Average yield -455 kg /ha (dry)

IISR Suvasini (CCS-1)

Selection from OP progeny of CL 37 from RRS Mudigere, Malabar type

IISR, Calicut

Early maturing, suitable for high density planting, long panicle, high % of bold parrot green capsule(89), tolerant to rhizome rot, thrips, shoot/panicle/capsule borer, essential oil 8.7%, 1,8 cineol 42.0%, α- terpenyl acetate 37.0%, dry recovery 22.0%. Average yield of 745kg/ha (dry)

IISR Vijetha
(NKE-12) 2001

Clonal selection from field resistant plant for katte, a Malabar type

IISR, Calicut

Virus resistant selection with high percentage of bold capsules (77.0%) oil 7.9%, 1, 8 cineol 45.0%, α- terpenyl acetate 23.4%, dry recovery 22.0%. Recommended to moderate rainfall areas with moderate high shaded and mosaic infected area, field tolerant to thrips and borer as well as mosaic.

IISR Avinash

A selection from OP seedlings of CCS -1 a Malabar type

Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut

Extended flowering period, dark green capsule and retains its colour even after processing. Tolerant to rhizome rot, shoot/panicle/capsule borer. Highly suitable for planting in valleys and rhizome rot prone areas and intensive cultivation. Average yield is 847 kg/ha (dry)

Green Gold

A clonal selection from Vazhukka type

Farmers selection from Idukki district of Kerala

A high yielding clonal selection by cardamom grower in Idukki district. Capsule bold over 70% of the cured cardamom above 7mm. Reported to be of high quality. Currently the highest yielding cultivar. Yield upto 5000 kg /ha has been recorded. Average yield is 1600 kg/ha (dry)

Last modified: Monday, 30 January 2012, 9:26 PM