Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954

Health Hygiene & Sanitation

Lesson 21 : Food Hygiene

Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954

  • Passed in 1954 by Govt of India.

  • Objective:

    • to ensure pure and wholesome food to the consumers
    • To protect them from fraudulent and deceptive trade practices

  • Amended in 1964, 1976, 1986 to make it more stringent

  • Punishment:

    • Min. 6 months imprisonment, with a fine of Rs.1000/-
    • If adulteration leads to death or grievous harm (under S.320 IPC) punishment will be life imprisonment with fine of Rs. 5000/-
    • From 1986 amendment, consumers and NGOs are empowered to take samples of food for examination
    • Central Committee for Food Standards frames and revises the rules under PFA Act
    • Any food not conforming to the standards is labeled as adulterated
    • A chain of food laboratories are established and their report is considered final.
    • These lab are in Kolkata, Mysore, Ghaziabad, Pune
    • Adulteration is social evil
    • All are responsible for the perpetuation of the evil

  • The Public: due to lack of awareness of the dangers of adulteration; disinterest

  • Traders: due to their greed for money

  • Food inspectors: who take adulteration as a ground to make easy money
Last modified: Tuesday, 24 April 2012, 11:10 AM