Steps involved in watershed management

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
Lesson 25: Water conservation

Steps involved in watershed management

  • Site selection: The site is selected in consultation with the concerned state and central development agencies and local bodies based on the following criteria prevailing soil and agro-climatic zones, nature of soil conservation problems and land-use, socio-economic conditions of the region and its people, approachability and demonstration value.
  • Resource survey: Components of the survey include physiography, climate, soil survey, engineering survey, land-use survey, vegetation survey, hydrologic survey, land capability survey and socio-economic survey.
  • People‚Äôs participation: It is essential to discuss the project with the people at the time of preparation and finalization of details of the ground plan.
  • Watershed development project plan: Project plans should be prepared based on the basic data on resources potentials, needs and problems, the type and intensity of treatments, land-use plans and development of resources and infrastructures.
  • Treatment of watersheds: Fuel, fodder and fibre plantations, orchards with suitable species and conservation measures will be useful in providing vegetative cover and economic produce apart from soil and water conservation for non-arable lands.

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Last modified: Wednesday, 4 January 2012, 8:19 AM