Definition Of Design

Fundamentals of Art and Design 3(1+2)

Lesson 01 : An Introduction to Art Design In Interiors

Definition Of Design

Design is defined as any arrangement of line, color, space, value and texture of an object in space, or a drawing of it on a piece of paper. It involves the proper choice of materials, forms, colors in arranging them aesthetically and tastefully, taking care of the elements of art and the principles of design.

Types Of Design:
Design is combination of tools and materials, methods of construction and ideas of the designer’s personality and creativity. Sometimes the designers choose motifs which are units of design.

The designers works with elements of art and design by selecting and arranging them to a purpose, which might be functional and ornamental or both. Goldstein. H. and Goldstein. V. have classified designs as two types viz,

  1. Structural Design
  2. Decorative Design
  1. Structural Design:
    Structural design is the design made by the size, form, color and texture of an object, whether it be the object itself, in space or a drawing of that object worked out on paper.


    • Design must be simple.
    • Design must be well proportioned and beautiful.
    • The materials used must suit the purpose for which it is made and also the processes that will be followed in making it.

    Example: Flower pots and bowls with a good structural design.

  2. Decorative design:
    Decorative design is the surface enrichment of a structural design. Any lines, colors or materials that have been applied to it constitute its decorative design. Structural design is far more important than decorative design, because it is essential to every object, while decoration is the “luxury” of design. Fig. 1.1 depicts the decorative designs in candle holder, lighting and ac
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Last modified: Wednesday, 8 February 2012, 6:46 AM