The term pattern refers to any sort of extrinsic surface enrichment and applies to both two- dimensional and three-dimensional (Fig 2.5. pattern on a fabric material) objects. In interior decoration it is well to use the word pattern rather than decorative design or ornamentation. Surface pattern contributes liveliness and interest to a room. It is customary to use pattern on at least one- fourth of the total surface areas.
A large room can support more pattern than a small one. If a room is occupied, it is permissible to use more pattern than otherwise.
Beauty in surface pattern is produced by
- Excellent design in individual motifs or units.
- Fine arrangement of the units in a repeat pattern.
- Definite character or personality.
- Honesty in technique.
- Evidence of joy of the designer.
- Harmony of lines between an article and its decoration.
In order to judge a good surface pattern, one must first consider the way it is to be used. A surface pattern that is good for a background has two main characteristics. First, the design covers the surface quietly rather closely and secondly there is very little contrast between the lights and darks.
Pattern in interiors can be added through introducing pattern in curtains and draperies, wall papers, rugs and carpets, furniture covers and accessories. The amount of pattern to be introduced needs to be judged in proper proportions.
In choosing curtains with pattern, one should take into consideration the size of the room, the general color of the furnishings and the personality expressed in the room.
If the wall of a room has patterned wall paper, then one should select plain curtains. Plain materials should also be chosen for rooms with walls that are plain or have a comparatively inconspicuous pattern, if there are many pictures and much pattern in furniture and rugs in the room. Plain curtains, the same color as the wall will seem to become a part of the walls and will enlarge the background. This kind of curtain is particularly successful in small rooms with many windows, because the greatest possible impression of larger area is gained.
The ratio of the pattern should be adapted to the size of the room and to the size of the windows. Salient features in use of pattern:
- The pattern should be placed at natural structural points on the object decorated.
- The pattern should never interfere with function.
- Pattern should be simple, not elaborate.
- The background spaces as well as the foreground motifs should make a pleasing pattern.
- The best designs are usually abstract or stylized.
- The coloring should suit the design: for example, bold colors are best for bold patterns.