Light and shade


Lesson 05:Art Elements And Principles Of landscape Design

Light and shade

Lighting effects in Landscape

  • Light and shade have great significance in the garden and must be balanced to create pleasing and artistic effect.
  • Delicate – leafed plant when put in front of light will glow while a bold specimen silhouetted against the light provides as attractive display.
  • This aspect is important in selecting the sites for different plant species, particularly the shade-loving ones.
  • Simplicity in landscape design must provide a restful setting for the outdoor living in the property area.
  • Simplicity in design is achieved through
    • Repetition of same species for similar form, habit or colour and construction material.
    • Smooth flowing of silhouette or grouping of plants
    • Avoiding too many species in a small place

The elements of art play a major role to make the garden design visually pleasing. By using lines in an appropriate way desirable forms that can enhance the beauty of the design can be obtained by texture, tone and colour of the plant materials used in the garden are important aspects. These factors may distort the landscape when not employed correctly .When used effectively they may produce unity. A broad-leafed plant may serve as an attractive foil to the plant having delicate and small leaves.

Tone and colour of the building must be in harmony with those of the flowers and plant materials. In a landscape composition, the hue, value and intensity of colour are considered important. Against a background of white or grey walls contrasting and bright colours give a pleasing effect, while whites and yellows are usually attractive against a red-bricked wall. For example, the bougainvillea variety, Louis Wathen, having light orange flowers, when planted in front of a red building or weathered brick wall gives a soothing effect.

Last modified: Saturday, 10 December 2011, 5:17 AM