Spoilage Due to Chemical Reactions

Food Preservation Storage

Lesson 02: Food Spoilage

Spoilage Due to Chemical Reactions

Chemical reactions take place in the presence of atmospheric oxygen and sunlight. Two major chemical changes, which occur during the processing and storage of fruits and vegetables, are lipid oxidation and non-enzymatic browning which deteriorate sensory quality, colour and flavour .

Lipid oxidation is influenced by light, oxygen, high temperature and the presence of iron and copper, and water activity. Control of these factors can significantly reduce the extent of lipid oxidation or rancidity in foods.

Non-enzymatic browning is one of the major causes of deterioration which takes place during frying, cooking, storage of dried and concentrated foods through Maillard, caramelization and ascorbic acid oxidation. Maillard reaction occurs due to reactions between reducing sugars and amino acids in the presence of heat and results in formation of black brown insoluble pigments . Caramelization of sugars occurs in presence of high heat and low moisture content in the food. Oxidation of fatty acids to other chemicals like aldehydes, ketones, alcohols and esters also results in off-flavours.

Last modified: Wednesday, 7 March 2012, 8:07 AM