Women and child welfare programmes

Lesson 30: Human population and environment

Women and child welfare programmes:

Department of women and child development: It was elevated to the status of an independent ministry at the union level from 20th Feb, 2006.

The consequent changes have helped in giving children’s issues a focused attention and enhanced allocation- children’s issues were also consolidated and entrusted to MWCD for better and effective implementation.

The department of women and child development is one of the major departments in the district implementing variety of programmes for the development of women & children, protecting children from being neglected, exploited, prevent destitution and delinquency, provide alternative shelter based rehabilitation through institutional treatment, improve health nutritional status of children and women, create awareness among rural women to improve overall living conditions.

The department has developed many programmes in fulfillment of the above objectives. ICDS scheme covers all the 7 talukas of the district. The department is also responsible for prevention of juvenile linguency, destitution & negligence of children by parents and is running an observation home, juvenile home under government sector and 7 destitute cottages run by NGO’s are given financial assistance. All the services are provided through an anganwadi centre and there are 1303 anganwadi workers in the district providing services to the pregnant & lactating women with nutritional food 300 days in a year, immunizing children and pregnant women and other basic services.

Schemes of the department:
  • Attendance scholarship for girls up to 10th standard.
  • Assistance to girls in job oriented courses 7 encouragement to take up self employment through bank loans under schemes like Vikasini, Navajeevan, Mane Belaku, Udyogini etc.
  • Special school for child labour, physical handicapped childrens.
  • Providing scholarship to disabled students and encouraging them for self employment.
  • Widow / Devadasi marriage
  • Assistance to Mahila Mandals and Mahila federations.

Integrated child development services scheme: Integrated child development scheme launched on 2nd Oct 1975 in 33 community development locks. Government of India proclaimed a National Policy on children in August, 1974 declaring children as “supremely important asset”. The policy provided the required frame work for assigning priority to different needs of the child.

It was launched in 1975 seeking to provide an integrated package of services in a convergent manner for the holistic development of the child.

Objectives of ICDS:
  • Way the foundation for proper psychological development of the child.
  • Improve nutritional and health status of children 0-6 yrs.
  • Reduce incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropouts.
  • Enhance the capability of the mother and family to look after the health, nutritional and development needs of the child.
  • Achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development.
Services: The scheme provides an integrated approach for converging basic services through community based workers and helpers. The services are provided at a centre called anganwadi. A package of following six services is provided under the ICDS scheme.’
  • Supplementary nutrition.
  • Non-formal preschool education.
  • Immunization
  • Health check up
  • Referral services
  • Nutrition and health education.

The kasturba Gandhi balika vidyalaya scheme:It was launched in 2004 is designed to encourage greater participation of girls in education at upper primary level.

Under the scheme 1180 residential schools at upper primary level has been sanctioned for girls belonging predominantly to SC/STOBC and minority communities in educationally backward blocks with higher gender gaps and low female literacy.

  • Kishora balika pathakam: It is being implemented in Andhra Pradesh to engineer change in social attitudes, self-esteem and ensure capabilities. 100% enrolment in elementary education especially for girls and to discourage early marriage.
  • Bala streela sikshana kendra: It is a residential vocational training centre offers courses to mould adolescent girls as entrepreneurs.

Last modified: Friday, 6 January 2012, 6:55 AM