Fittings, Fixtures And Services 3(1+2)

Lesson 04 : Fittings and fixtures in interiors


Styles: The unique styles found in bathroom faucets include: Antique, Victorian, Cross handle, Long neck, and other styles.

Finishes: The finishes used are created out of exotic finishes of oil rubbed bronze, brushed nickel, satin nickel, polished chrome, polished brass, black, white, biscuit, brushed chrome, antique, in metals such as brass, aluminum, copper , cast iron and wrought iron etc.

Raw Materials: The basic raw material used for making faucet is brass, an alloy of copper and zinc. Other metals like copper, Chrome, ceramics are also used.

How Faucet Works?
There are two chambers in the faucets from which water flows. The chambers are separated by a hole. The flow of water is regulated in most of the faucets by using a screw device. By turning the device, washer is push down into the hole between the two chambers. As the washer begins to close the gap it slows down and then finally stops the flow. The screwing action combined with the lever action makes turning it off and on so easy. When the screw is turned by the lever the washer is forced down by few inches. This helps in the checking of water in the pipe until the handle is again turned in the opposite direction.
Types Of Faucets:
  • Basin Faucets
  • Bidet Faucets
  • Lavatory Faucets
  • Sensor Faucets
  • Shower Faucets
  • Sink Faucets
  • Tub Faucets
  • Wall Mount Faucets

Basin Faucets: Basin Faucets are truly accessory for modern bathrooms. The major factors to beq considered when thinking about a faucet are: Appearance, Function and Repair.

  • Universally classic design
  • Pivot basin and walk sink outlets offer greater water control
  • Adjustable arm and head
  • Hard wearing and low maintenance
  • Wide choice of color options with designs flexibility
  • Lustrous appeal
  • Immense durability and highly efficient

Bidet Faucets: They are alternative to toilet cleanup. They are renowned globally for its artistic gand innovative designs. These are offered in a compelling range of styles, colors and materials to accommodate individual aesthetic and tastes in décor. Bidet faucets are usually made of solid brass and zinc die- cast construction. These materials provide greater strength and durability than plastic bodies of competitive faucets. Other materials used are porcelain, chrome, glass, metals and ceramic. Some of the popular metals used are brass, copper, aluminum, cast iron, wrought iron etc

Lavatory Faucets: Lavatory faucet is the requirement of the sink or top on which it will be mvounted. These faucets range from plan to sleek design. The various types of lavatory faucets include (i) widespread faucet sets that have a spout with separate hot and cold water handles, (ii) Centre set faucet three hole installation basins that combine a spout and valves on a single base unit, (iii) A centre set faucet with a single handle mixing lever or handles (iv) Single hole faucets have a spout and a single mixing handle all in one for single – handed control. The finishes applied are bronze finish, brushed brass finish, nickel finish, chrome, brass, enamel-coated color, ceramic, antique, nickel, gold and platinum.

Sensor Faucets: Sensor faucets are battery operated automatic bathroom fittings. The automatic or sensor faucet uses multiple infrared sensors to tell whether an object is in front of it. If an object moves in front of the beam, it reflects the beam back to its original point. Then once the beams hit the sensors, the faucet turns on. Most of the faucets are set with an automatic timer. The sensor faucets eliminate these bacteria and the germs. They are more efficient as well.

Shower Faucets: Bathroom shower faucets are offered in a compelling range of styles, colorsj and materials. These can come in single lever, pullout spray, high arch, offset handles. These are available in polished chrome, brass, polished and satin nickel, gold acrylic enamels of various colors, stainless steel, copper and mix-match combinations. These mainly provide greater strength and durability and ensure a strong base.

Sink Faucets: When remodeling a bathroom sink faucets play an important role. While choosing a sinuk faucet the important factors to be considered are the faucet spout, handles, and style. The types available are Compact and easy to use, single - hole and single lever sink faucets integrate the spout and mixing handle or handles into one fitting. Centre sink faucets are recommended for smaller, pre- existing, pre- drilled sinks. Wall- mounted sink faucets for above the counter and freestanding basins require a longer spout for extended reach. They are made up of brass. Popular finishes used are polished and brushed chrome, high gloss satin and antique brass, gold plating.

Tub Faucets: Tub faucets make a bath or shower a pleasant experience. These are offered in a variety of unique styles and features, from traditional, country and contemporary, to single or two handles. These comet in a variety of styles and finishes including Antique style, Victorian faucets in brass and chrome, Porcelain handle lever faucets, cross handle tub faucets, long neck faucets and gooseneck faucets. Tub faucets are offered in three major varieties: Free-standing, Wall- mounted, or Deck- mounted. The metals used are brass, copper, aluminum, cast iron, wrought iron etc. The finishes used are antique, lacquer, and patina, rusted, silver plated and polished Wall.

Wall Mount Faucets: Wall mounted faucets are available for above – the- counter and freestandding basins that require a long spout for extended reach. These are usually widespread units with separately drilled valves and a single spout. Before installing it is made sure the spout is long enough for adequate basin clearance. They require a separate wall- mount valve and drain for installation Bathroom wall mounted faucets are used in several sinks designs including vessel sinks. They are either hung on a metal bracket attached to the wall or bolted directly to the framing. These are made of materials such as plastic, chrome, glass, metals and ceramic.

Last modified: Thursday, 28 June 2012, 10:59 AM