Plant oriented wastes


  • Saw dust  is  one of  the  important  sources  of feed  during  acute  scarcity. It  is highly lignified  and  has  very  low  digestibility.  However it can  provide  bulk  to the  animals. 
  • Saw dust after cleaning   to  remove  wood  pieces  will  be  suitable  for  animal  feeding.  Saw dust feeding  at  the  rate  of  30%  level  in high  urea-molasses  and  maize  bran ration had  no deleterious  effects  on body  weight, digestibility  and  balance of  nutrients.  Saw  dust  thus,  is a  useful source  for short term  feeding of  animals during  acute  scarcity atleast  for  satisfying  hunger.
  • Paper is also considered as a scarcity fodder.  Papers  are  made up  of  cellulose. Since  they  have  lower lignin content  their  digestibility  is  around  50-60%. 
  • The  stray  cattle  usually  eat paper  wastes.  In  developed  countries  waste  paper  are  not  resaleble. After  grinding, paper waste  can be used  between 20-40% in concentrate mixture.  Such mixture  improves milk fat  content  without  affecting  flavour  and  quality  of  milk.  The improvement  in  fat  content  is  attributed  to  carbon ink  used  for  printing  and  high  crude fibre  content  of the  paper.  Paper  waste  upto  30% level  can be  used in complete  feeds.
  • Fallen  dry  leaves  from  forest  or  road  side  trees  can  also  be  used  for  feeding  to the  animals.  They are especially  valuable  during  scarcity  as  without disturbing  the  trees, they  can  be  collected  and utilized  for  animal  feeding.
  • The  dry  fallen  leaves  contain  low  crude  protein  than fresh  leaves but  higher  than that of the  cereal  straws.  However, their  digestibility  is  lower  than that  of  cereal  straws  probably because  of higher  tannin  content.  They  are  also  higher in calcium.  In order  to improve  the  nutritive  value of  dry  fallen leaves, they  can  be  ground  and  mixed  with  molasses,  urea, salt, mineral mixture  etc. in  complete  feeds.
Last modified: Monday, 1 August 2011, 6:55 AM