Clinical changes in different parts of body

Lesson 4 : Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status

Clinical changes in different parts of body

WHO expert committee has described physical signs to achieve uniformity of terminology and the standardization of results. They are listed above

  1. Hair

  2. Thinnes and sparseness


    Very few hair present on the scalp.

    Dispigmentation of hair


    Distinct lightening of its normal colour.

    Flag sign


    Alternate bond of light and dark colour along the length of the hair.

    Easy Pluckability


    A tuft of hair can be easily plucked.

  3. Face

  4. Eyes

  5. Lips

  6. Angular stomatitis : Excoriated lesions associated with fissuring at the angles of the mouth.
    Angular scars : Healed angular stomatitis may result in pink or blanched scars at the angles of the mouth.
    Cheilosis : This lesions characterized by redness, swelling and ulceration of the lips, other than the angles.

  7. Tounge

  8. Teeth

  9. Gums: Spongy bleeding gums: purplish or red spongy swelling of the interdental papillae and or the gum margins, which usually bleed easily on slight pressure.

  10. Glands

  11. Skin

  12. Nail

  13. Subcutaneous fat: An approximate estimate of any increase or decrease can be gauged by palpation of a skin-fold.

  14. Subscutaneous Tissues

  15. Mascular and skeletal systems

  16. Internal systems
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