Value Systems And Value Scales

Lesson 12 : Indian Traditional And Contemporary Value

Value Systems And Value Scales

The term value system covers just clusters, patterns or constellations of values. Value system implies that values are not simply distributed at random but are interdependent, arranged in a pattern and are subject to reciprocal or mutual variation.

Rokeach considers a value system to be a hierarchy form of pattern. A value system may give rise to value conflict because of their strengths. For example the interest in painting or decoration may be judged both from economic and aesthetic point of view.

The collection of values constitutes a value system. Different scholars and researchers have constituted different value scales to identify the value system of a group of people- Example- managers, Supervisors, home makers etc.

England studied the values of managers from different countries. To compare the managers from Japan, India, United States, South Korea and Australia, he used a five-point value scale given in the following figure

The value scale, developed to study value orientation by Super is used extensively in many countries including India. Sinha adapted it to suit Indian culture by adding three more values to the original eighteen values. It includes ability utilization, achievement, advancement, aesthetics, altruism, authority, autonomy, creativity, economics, life style, personal development, physical activity, prestige, risk taking, social interactions, variety, working conditions, social relations, peace of mind, physical comfort and dependency. Each value dimension was measured through a set of items. The items were rated on a 4-point scale. Degree of importance ranged from little or not important to very important.

Last modified: Saturday, 24 March 2012, 8:15 AM