• Anaemia – due to sudden and excessive haemorrhage from wounds of the large blood vessels, (or) Internal organ such as lungs, spleen (or) from bursting of an aneurysm or a varicose vein.
  • Shock resulting from
    • Sudden fright
    • Sudden blows on the heart or on the epigastrium
    • Drinking large quantity of cold water → when in a heated condition extensive injuries to the spine or other parts of the body
    • Sudden evacuation of the natural or pathological fluids from the body
    • Sudden pressure
    • Severe exposure to cold
  • Asthenia due to deficient power of the heart muscle as in fatty degeneration of the heart or aorta regurgitation or poisoning.
  • Exhausting diseases
      • Mucous membrane - Pallor
      • Eye – Dilated pupils, Dimness of vision
      • Restlessness
      • Air hunger Gasping respiration
      • Nausea or vomiting
      • Marked fall in Blood pressure due to reflex vasodilation
Last modified: Tuesday, 5 June 2012, 9:58 AM