These gardens are designed to check pollution and also to beautify the area. The majority of the industrial units are surrounded by weeds, debris and unkempt areas. These units are the main source of air, water, noise and soil pollution.
Beautification of factories and industrial townships to create a better environment for living working, recreation and circulation are the objectives of landscape planners.
A well – landscaped industrial plant can be very attractive.
Gardening in and around factories are needed to fight pollution and dust besides beautification.
The factories may be broadly categorized into two groups
The first group comprises comparatively neat factories such as a fruit processing plant which emit less dust and other polluting material.
The second group consists of factories such as cement, steel, fertilizer etc., which emit a lot of dust, smoke and harmful chemicals.
For the factories of first group a wider range of plant material can be used.
For factories belonging to second category, comparatively hard plants are to be selected.
Planting is done in the industrial gardens to arrest the drifting dust and to cut down noise.
Suitable plants to cut down this type of pollution are Eucalyptus citriodora, Ficus religiosa, Ficus benjamina and so on.
A large number of such trees are to be planted, either in groups, clumps or in multiple rows which will enhance beauty, provide shade and regulate the environment.
Industrial townships consist of factory sites, various types of public buildings, industrial buildings, community centers and residential complexes.
For a landscape designer, there is ample scope to implement his aesthetic ideas in such units.
Different areas are to be improved by providing streets, sidewalks, sewers and sanitation, installation of public utilities such as water, electricity, gas and other conveniences.
Between the factory and residential area, green belts may be created by plantingtrees.
Tree-lined streets, well kept parks, gardens, playgrounds and woodlands should be permanent features in industrial unit
Another important aim of industrial garden is to provide ample shade and coolness so that the worker gets a respite under the coolness of trees from the hostile hot interior of the factory.
If planted with appropriate plan, the trees bring down the temperature in the factory premises to a considerable extent.
In large factory a buffer zone may be created by afforestation between the factory and its residential colony.
A factory area can also be beautified with rockeries, statues, water pools, lakes or fountains.
Bougainvillea can be used freely to beautify a factory area as these colorful flowers will bring life to drab landscape of a factory area.
Canna is another hardy and beautiful plant suitable for planting in beds or groups in a factory area.
Hardy shrubs also play an important role in beautifying factories when planted in shrubberies.
Lawns laid in vacant lands not only add beauty but also cut down dust.
Gardens can be laid in the factory in front of a canteen, rest-shed, hospital administration building and so on.