Lesson 04:Landscape Plants


Trees can contribute to the beauty of home. They have a multitude of forms, textures and colors. They also have characteristic lines determined by their trunks, stems and branches. Their value is far more than decorative. They offer a screen for privacy. They mark off areas that reflect interests of family members. The placement of many trees can be ecologically sound. Trees can effect climate. Trees on the sunny side of the house can keep the house cool. The colour of trees can make the yard appear cooler.

  • Trees are planted in gardens for pleasure and profit, dignity and serenity and above all to provide fresh air for the perpetuation of human race.
  • A tree is a perennial plant with a spreading crown and is capable of having a single, persistent, woody main stem or trunk.
  • They can be broadly divided into three classes.

  • Trees are the most important items in landscaping and should be considered diligently in any landscape planning.
  • They are fascinating because of their graceful appearance, abundance of blooms and are capable of transforming the landscape into a heaven of beauty.
  • Many trees are curious and strange for their amazing shape, size and form of their different organs.
  • A vast area can be beautified with trees only within a short span of time with little care and expense.
  • By careful planting of plants, either in symmetrical patterns or in informal plant groupings form and coherence can be brought to the landscape.
  • Depending on the situation, they can be planted in groves, rows or as specimen plants.
  • Tree groves are excellent unifying elements for large scale landscape planning.
  • Striking effects may be achieved if several individual trees of some species are planted in loose or close group arrangement.
  • Trees in rows leading to a big building or bordering the drive or street become very effective and eye pleasing.
  • Some curious looking trees can also be utilized like sculptures for garden decoration.
  • There is also a place for small ornamental trees for smaller houses with smaller property lines. If a few attractive trees are placed around the house, they will frame the house and also serve some aesthetic and utilitarian purpose
  • Avenues planted with trees are safer because of their restful and scenic view. They reduce the monotony of driving and provide shade to the pedestrians.
  • There are large numbers of indigenous and exotic flowering trees which can be very well utilized to beautify landscape.
  • Picking the right tree for the right place is obviously the first and foremost vital step. If placed in the right situation, they will make the house blend into the land and at the same time fulfill many other desirable purposes.
  • The problem of tree planting for landscaping presents two aspects, first there is the composition or arrangement of the proper placing for effects of mass, support, enforcement, skyline and screening, which are primary considerations of design, and second, the selection of varieties to give the above effects.
  • While selecting varieties of trees, their size, form, structure, textures, foliage, flower and fruit should be taken into consideration.
  • Sturdy trees should always be selected for performance
  • Many weak-wooded trees do make a good show in a short time, but they are easily broken by wind. They should be given plenty of good soil to grow. Sufficient space should also be provided for their full development at maturity. Cultivation of trees for their aesthetic or recreational value is known as arboriculture

Last modified: Friday, 9 December 2011, 5:48 AM