Lesson 10:Garden Features


  • An arch is a semicircular structure generally constructed near the gate or over paths for training climbers or ramblers in the garden.
  • The real use of an arch in the garden is to form a sort of screen or connecting link between one part of a garden and another.

  • An arch should be at least 2 to 2.5 meter high, so that the branches of creepers hanging down should not interface with access.
  • The breadth depends upon the path over which it is constructed but should not be less than 1 meter.
  • Arches can be constructed with support of wooden poles over which longitudinal rails are placed and cross rails are fixed with nails over these at intervals of 45-60 cm.
  • In Rajasthan and Bangalore the supporting poles made of stone pillars are used. The roof may be made of wood or angle iron of suitable section.

  • The angle irons can be fixed with the stones by the help of clamps and the cross rails may be welded or fixed with nuts and bolts.
  • The best method of making an arch is to use angle iron support firmly grounded in the soil by concrete.
  • The roof made of angle irons of different sections may be flat, arch-type, or angular with slopes on either side

  • The support can also be made of 7-10 cm diameter galvanized pipes fixed in a similar way.
  • On the top of each pipe a galvanized or steel plate (22.5x22.5 cm) with holes should be welded which will facilitate the fixing of the longitudinal angle irons with the help of nuts and bolts or clamps.
  • Galvanized wire nettings may be fixed on the sides of the arches to help the creepers to climb up.
  • The angle iron and galvanized iron pipes are to be coated with rust proof paints.
  • The portions above ground should be painted green.
  • In order to cover the arch thickly, the climber should be trained on it properly at the beginning.
Last modified: Monday, 12 December 2011, 7:32 AM