Lesson 10:Garden Features


  • A pergola is defined as a series of arches joined together generally constructed over pathways which add beauty to a garden.
  • The width of pergola is kept generally within 2-2.5 meters and the height is also the same but preferably on the higher side. The length will depend upon the area to be covered.

  • A pergola is a useful resting place during the summer months in a tropical country.
  • The path below remains cool due to the creepers growing above.
  • If the pergola is wide enough concrete or wooden benches may be constructed for sitting

  • In broad pergolas it may also be possible to keep a few shade-loving plants to protect them against sun, but this may not be desirable all the time.
  • The support for pergola may be made of wooden or stone or brick pillars, angle iron and galvanized iron pipes.
  • The supporting pillars may be connected together by wooden rafters or M.S rods that may be welded to the pillars.
  • The roof may be made of angle irons of different sections with longitudinal and cross rails. Over this base strong galvanized wire-mesh or welded-mesh may be placed for the creepers to spread easily.
  • The roof of a pergola may be flat or in the shape of an arch. The pergola is also painted green to merge with the colour of the foliage.
  • A pergola is a pretty feature in a garden. It provides shade by means of living plants over a terrace or garden path.
  • It brings height to break the flat planes of a level compound.
  • The idea of using pergola in gardens was started in Italy. During Romans period, it was a common practice to train vines and lemons over a framework of rough poles.
Last modified: Monday, 12 December 2011, 7:44 AM