Design is everywhere; many examples of design can be seen in nature such as leopard’s spotted pelt, the hexagonal pattern of a beehive, beautiful shapes of flowers and leaves etc. Selecting and organizing of materials to achieve desired effects is designing. It is the process of structuring by using the basic elements of the visual arts – line, form, space, light, colour, transparency, motion and texture. As such design is part of every person’s daily activity. Everyone is a designer whether he consciously wants to be one or not. On the highest level, designing is a continuous and knowledgeable manipulation of the art elements to produce an expressive statement. It is a purposeful creation in which emotion, knowledge, imagination and intellect are all operative.
Designhas a slightly different meaning in the field of textiles. Textile designing is an approach of creating designs on fabrics. Textile design is pattern, figure or motif that is repeated at regular intervals, and fabric is referred as patterned fabric in terms of structural and decorative design. Designs envisioned by the textile designer, for both woven and printed textiles, begin with a drawing or sketch of the finished design. Traditionally, drawings of woven textile patterns are translated onto point papers (special type of graph paper) which are used by the weavers in setting up their looms.
The primary part of textile designing implies designing the fabric by utilizing different methods such as weaving, embroidery, printing and colour detailing for the embellishment of the fabrics. The basic work activities in textile design includes forming sets of sample design, coordinating with customers to plan and enhance designs, experimenting with fabric, texture and colours, visualizing new designs, regularly attending trade exhibition and sustaining with new fashion trends. Textile designing is a process of making creative, stylish and contemporary designs and requires special skills to create innovations.